Fisheries Current Affairs - 2020

Facts Box: YSR Cheyutha Scheme

The YSR Cheyutha Scheme is to be launched in Andhra Pradesh on August 12, 2020. It aims to empower women from minority castes.

Highlights

The scheme will provide financial benefit of Rs 75,000 to those women who come under the age of 45 to 60 years. It aims at pension beneficiaries. The amount of Rs 75,000 is to be distributed in four equal installments of Rs 18,750 each per year. The amounts are to be transferred to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries.

The State Government has allocated Rs 4,500 crores to implement the scheme. The AP Government will also launch the YSR Asara Scheme along with YSR Cheyutha Scheme

YSR Asara Scheme

The scheme is to benefit 90 lakh women of self help group. Under the scheme, Rs 6,700 crores is to be distributed in one year.

Background

The State Government of Andhra Pradesh recently decided to extend financial assistance of YSR Cheyutha to those availing social security pensions under the YSR Pension Kanuka. This will benefit more than 8.21 lakh women from SC, ST, BC and minority communities.

Along with the decision, the other following decisions were also made by the state government

  • The Cabinet along with the extension of YSR Cheyutha scheme also approved to form the State Sand Corporation. Also, the formation of AP Rayalseema Drought Mitigation Project Development Corporation was approved.
    • The sand corporation is to monitor and address the issues related to sand mining, transportation and sale.
    • The AP Rayalseema Drought Mitigation Project Development Corporation is to be set up at an estimated budget of Rs 40,000 crores.
      • The project will address the drought condition in the Rayalseema region taking up irrigation projects.
    • The State Government decided to bring in Fish Feed Quality Control Act. The act is first of its kind. The act will help monitor and check quality of aquaculture feed.
      • An ordinance is to be issued to this effect
      • Around 40 feed analysis labs are to be established in the state.
      • This is being launched to safeguard aquaculture as 60% of expenditure is spent on feed alone.
    • The cabinet had approved to invest Rs 5 crores on cattle grazing training centres that have been proposed in the districts of Anantapur and Kurnool.

Arunachal Pradesh: New Fish Species Discovered

A new fish species called Schizothorax sikusirumensis has been discovered in Arunachal Pradesh.

Highlights

The name of the species has been derived from the names of the rivers where the fish was found. They are River Sirum and River Siku.

Schizothorax

The Schizothorax fish is found in western and southern China, Centra and Southern Asia. They are mainly found in lakes, streams, rivers and highland. There are more than 65 species that are recognized under this genus.

Fresh water fish

The Fresh water fish are those that spend their life in water that has salinity less than 1.05%. Around 41.24% of the fishes known are fresh water fishes. The freshwater fishes are further classified as cold water, warm water and cool water fishes.

Salt water fish

They are also called marine fish. The fishes that live in estuaries are also categorized as salt water fish. Estuaries are areas where the rivers and oceans meet.