Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund Current Affairs - 2020

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First Tripartite Agreement on Fisheries and Aquaculture Development Fund

On December 23, 2019, the department of fisheries (GoI), NABARD and Tamil Nadu Government signed an agreement to implement Fisheries and Aquaculture Development Fund (FIDF). The tripartite agreement set a total of Rs 7522 crores to address the infrastructure requirement of fisheries sector.

Highlights

The fund includes setting up of berth facilities for safe landing for number of fishing vessels. It will also be used to increase fish production, stimulate fisheries related economic activities, and to boost economic activities in the region. The projects are to be implemented in the southern coasts of Tamil Nadu. The funding will also be used to augment deep sea fishing, cage culture and promote exports in the future.

Role of NABARD

NABARD provides concessional financing to fisheries infrastructure facilities through state governments under FIDF. It is the Nodal Loaning Entity of the fisheries department. It also supports fisheries under Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF)

Fisheries in Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu is the home of 10 lakh fisher families. The state is ideal for brackish water fisheries, marine fisheries and inland fisheries. Tamil Nadu ranks fourth in total fish production in the country.

India ranks second in the world fish production. The fisheries sector in the country contributes to 1% of GDP of the country.

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Fact Sheet: Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FAIDF)

To double farmers’ income by 2022 the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved creation of FAIDF recently. The proposal for creation of fund was made in budget 2018-19.

Salient features of the fund

  • The main aim is to boost fish production to achieve the target of producing 15 million tonnes of fish production by 2020 and 20 million tonnes by 2022-23 from current production of 11.4 million tonnes. The aim to achieve this target was set under Blue revolution.
  • The nodal agencies for the fund will be National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), National Cooperatives Development Corporation (NCDC) and scheduled banks.
  • The fund being raised by nodal loaning entities (NLE).
  • The estimated fund size is about 7522 crore that will benefit country in both inland and marine fisheries areas.
  • The fund will involve in attracting private investment and technologies in creation and management of fisheries all around the country.

Indian Fish Market

Fisheries in India is an important economic activity and emerging sector. India’s fish production is estimated at around 12 million tonnes annually. India has become the second largest fish producing and aquaculture industry in the world. In aquaculture, India is second to china with a share of 6% in global aquaculture. The fisheries sector employed over 14.5 million people directly and many more indirectly. At present, Fish production contributes to around 1% to GDP of country and 5% to agricultural GDP of country. India exports one tenth of its Fish produced. The contribution of fish from the seas has lowered now and the share is rising from inland farming.

The Indian government has taken a lot of other efforts to boost up Indian aquaculture market such as Integrating all the existing schemes under Blue Revolution, Establishing  ‘Brood bank’ for commercially important species to ensure production and supply of certified broods to hatcheries in the country, developing cold water fishery, improving the manpower requirements of the fisheries programs. Overall, fisheries is a sunrise sector having a lot of future growth possibilities. All the 3 sub sectors viz. Inland, Aquaculture and Marine fisheries have a lot of scope for improvement. The recent step of creating FAIDF is a praised step to boost the fisheries sector to the desired level.

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