Food and Agriculture Organisation Current Affairs - 2020

June 1: World Milk Day

Every year World Milk Day is celebrated on June 1 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The day is celebrated to bring awareness and attention to the activities associated with the diary sector.

Highlights

June 1 was chosen to be celebrated as World Milk Day by the FAO in 2001. The day was chosen as several other countries were celebrating milk day on that particular day. This year, the World Milk Day is celebrated under the theme

Theme: The 20th Anniversary of World Milk Day

Controversy: World Plant Milk Day

In response to the celebrations of World Milk Day, observance of World Plant Milk Day was begun. The day is marked on August 22. It is being marked since 2017 objecting environmental impact, animal abuse and health effects associated with diary industry.

India

India is the largest producer of milk. According to 2011 survey, around 70% of milk samples were conformed to standards set by the FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India).

National Milk Day

India celebrates National Milk Day on November 26. The day is observed on November 26 as it is the birth anniversary of Verghese Kurien. He is known as Father of Milk Revolution in India. It was his idea to launch Operation Flood in India.

Operation Flood

Operation Flood was launched in 1970. The operation aimed at doubling milk availability per person in the country. The operation also helped to generation employment in the rural sector. Through the success of the operation, India became the largest milk producer.

May 21: International Tea Day

Every year, on May 21, the United Nations observes International Tea Day. The resolution to celebrate International Tea Day was adopted in 2019 by the United Nations food and Agriculture Organization.

History

The International Tea Day is being celebrated since 2005 in major tea producing countries of the world namely Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Nepal, Kenya, Malaysia, Malawi, Uganda and Tanzania. It aims to draw the attention of citizens, governments about the impact of global tea trade.

Objective

The main goal of the day is to promote sustainable production of tea and increase awareness in fighting poverty and hunger.

Intergovernmental Group on Tea

The Intergovernmental Group of Tea operating under Food and Agriculture Organization proposed the concept of International Tea Day in 2015.

Sustainable Development Goals

The tea production helps to achieve the following goals

  • Goal 1: Reduce Poverty
  • Goal 2: Fight Hunger
  • Goal 5: Empowerment of Women
  • Goal 15: Sustainable use of Terrestrial Ecosystems

Significance

Tea Production is sensitive to climate changes. Tea can be produced only in agro-ecological conditions. There are very limited countries that produce tea.

Therefore, the tea producing countries must integrate the climate challenges along with their tea production. This is the main objective of celebrating International Tea Day.

India

India is the second largest tea producing country after China. Also, India is the largest consumer of tea in the world. India consumes around 30% of global tea output.

Motto

The International Tea Day is celebrated on the motto, “Harnessing Benefits for all From Field to Cup”. This is not the theme of the day. This is the motto under which the day is celebrated every year.