Food Secuirty Current Affairs - 2020

One Nation One Card Scheme: Three more States included

On June 1, 2020, the Union Minister of Consumer Affairs and Food and Public distribution Shri Ram Vilas Paswan announced that three more states namely Sikkim, Odisha and Mizoram are being included in the Integrated Management of Public Distribution System (PDS).

Highlights

Through the Integrated Management of PDS, the Government of India is trying to reach the benefits of National Food Security Act through One Nation One Ration Card scheme. So far, the scheme has been enabled in 17 states and Union Territories. They include Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Kerala, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tripura, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh.

By August, three more states namely Manipur, Uttarakhand and Nagaland are to be added to the cluster.

One Nation One Ration Card

The scheme aims to provide the quota of food grains to the citizens anywhere in the country. With the migrant workers having returned to their homes, the scheme would be of great help to them.

Scientists for first time decode complex wheat genome

Team of international researchers including 18 Indian scientists for first time have decoded wheat genome. In this research, DNA sequence of bread wheat was successfully ordered and it represents highest quality genome sequence generated to date for such wheat variety.

Key Facts

The research conducted by more than 200 scientists from 73 research institutions in 20 countries. The reference enome decoded covers 94% (14.5 Gb) of entire wheat genome. Team of 18 Indian scientists contributed in decoding of Chromosome 2A of wheat genome. This project was financially supported by Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology.

Significance

The research shows that bread wheat has complex hexaploid genome which is 40 times larger than that of rice genome and 5 times larger than human genome. Information generated by decoded wheat genome will help to identify genes controlling complex agronomic traits such as yield, grain quality, resistance to diseases and pests as well as tolerance to drought, heat, water logging and salinity. The availability of high quality reference genome will accelerate breeding of climate-resilient wheat varieties to feed ever-increasing world population and help address global food security in decades to come.