Food Security Current Affairs - 2020
The National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India (NAFED) is to distribute 6 lakh metric tonnes of pulses to around 20 crore house holds under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana. The work is to be undertaken by the scheme for 3 months.
Under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana, every household is to receive 1 kilogram of pulses. The operation includes obtaining un-milled pulses from godowns, cleaning them and sending them to the states for distribution through the Public Distribution System. The NAFED under the scheme is to distribute more than 5.88 lakh metric tonnes of pulses.
National Food Security Act
The pulses are distributed under the National food Security Act. The act was introduced by GoI in 2013. The main aim of the act was to provide subsidized food grains to the citizens. The annual allocation of food grains under NFSA is 610 Lakh tonnes. The act is in line with sustainable goal of the United Nations. It is Goal 2 that aims to end hunger by 2030
Currently, around 100 Dal mills have been pulled into service. Around 17 state sand union territories have started the distribution of pulses. This includes Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Odisha, Sikkim and Tamil Nadu.
Tags: 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda • Food Security • Foodgrains • NAFED • National Food Security Act
On April 21, 2020, the Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar attended the G20 Agriculture Ministers Meet through video conferencing. The meet was chaired by Saudi Arabia.
The nations resolved to work together on nutrition and food security. It also aimed to maintain continuity of food supply value chain. They also resolved to work together to promote research in agriculture that will help improve sustainability and resilience in agriculture.
India shared its measures taken to help the agriculture sector in its operations during lock down.
Key Decision of the meet
The International Fund for Agricultural Development is to help in technical assistance, provide capacity building, improve resilience if agriculture. The G20 AMIS (Agricultural Market Information System) will help coordinating policy responses. The countries have called for continued support of AMIS through voluntary financial support.
The meet also stressed on the importance of food losses and wastages due to the disruption in food supply chains. The G20 countries also call for strengthened approach to control zoonotic diseases and develop stricter and science-based guidelines for zoonosis control.