Foreign Direct Investment Current Affairs
India and China have signed protocol to amend Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) for the avoidance of double taxation and for prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income by allowing exchange of information. Under Section 90 of Income-tax Act, 1961, India can enter into agreement with foreign country or specified territory for the avoidance of double taxation of income, for exchange of information for the prevention of evasion.
The Protocol to amend DTAA with China updates existing provisions for exchange of information to latest international standards. It incorporates changes required to implement treaty related minimum standards under the Action reports of Base Erosion & Profit Shifting (BEPS) Project. Besides minimum standards, it also brings in changes as per BEPS Action reports as agreed upon by the two sides. It will help prevent tax evasion by allowing the exchange of information.
Tags: Base erosion and profit shifting • BEPS • Corporate tax avoidance • Double taxation • Double Taxation Avoidance • DTAA • Economy • Foreign Direct Investment • India-China • International taxation • Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting • National • Tax • Tax avoidance • Tax Evasion • Taxation in the United States • World Economy
India was ranked 11th position in the FDI Confidence Index 2018 released by global consultancy firm A T Kearney. It has slipped by three notches in 2018 as it was ranked 8th in 2017 and 9th in 2016. This is first time India fell out of the top 10 since 2015.
Top 10 countries in FDI Confidence Index 2018 are United States (1st), Canada (2nd), Germany (3rd), United Kingdom (4th), China (5th), Japan (6th), France (7th), Australia (8th), Switzerland (9th) and Italy (10th).
US has topped spot for the sixth year in a row mainly due to continued confidence result of its large market, strong and sustained economic growth and recent corporate tax cuts. Switzerland and Italy have entered in the top 10 position for the first time in more than decade.
Asia Pacific region: Investor preference for the region appears to have declined slightly with only seven Asian countries appearing on 2018 FDI Confidence Index.
Emerging markets: This year marks an all-time low for the share of emerging markets on index. Just four emerging markets have appeared among top 25 countries viz. China, India, Mexico, and Brazil. This suggests that confidence in investing in specific emerging markets has declined.
India: The fall in India’s rankings may be due some policies such as challenges faced in implementation2017 nationwide goods and services tax (GST) and 2016 demonetisation initiative which disrupted business activity and weighed on economic growth which has deterred investors sentiments in short term. But strong economic performance and sheer size of Indian market are important factors likely to attract investors.
Investors based in Americas and in industry sector rank India highest in terms of their intention to invest there. This confidence may be result of Government’s Make in India initiative, which aims to boost investment in India’s manufacturing sector as well as its pursuit of closer ties with US.
Moreover, reforms have made positive impact on India’s attractiveness including dismantling of Foreign Investment Promotion Board and liberalisation of overseas investment thresholds for retail, aviation, and biomedical industries.
FDI Confidence Index
The index is annual analysis of how political, economic, and regulatory changes will likely affect FDI inflows into countries in coming years. It is constructed using primary data from proprietary survey administered to senior executives of world’s leading corporations. Companies participating in survey have annual revenues of $500 million or more.