Foreign Direct Investment Current Affairs - 2019
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The Ministry of Commerce and Industry has released the data related to the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows during April-September 2018-19. The important aspects from this data:
- The Foreign direct investment (FDI) into India was declined by 11 per cent to USD 22.66 billion during April-September period of 2018-19.
- The FDI inflows during April-September 2017-18 stood at USD 25.35 billion.
- The FDI which attracted large FDI are services (USD 4.91 billion), computer software and hardware (USD 2.54 billion), telecommunications (USD 2.17 billion), trading (USD 2.14 billion), chemicals (USD 1.6 billion), and automobile industry (USD 1.59 billion).
- Singapore with the FDI of USD 8.62 billion inflow was the largest source of FDI during April-September 2018-19.
- Singapore was followed by Mauritius (USD 3.88 billion), the Netherlands (USD 2.31 billion), Japan (USD 1.88 billion), the US (USD 970 million), and UK (USD 845 million).
The Foreign Direct Investment growth witnessed a five-year low growth of 3 per cent at $ 44.85 billion in 2017-18. The decline in the growth rate of FDI could adversely affect the country’s balance of payments and may also impact the value of the rupee.
Tags: Automobile Industry • chemicals • computer software and hardware • FDI • Foreign Direct Investment • Japan • Mauritius • Ministry of Commerce and Industry • Netherlands • Services • Singapore • Telecommunications • Trading • UK • US
The report ‘India’s Sterling Assets: Britain Meets India’ by the Confederation of British Industry (CBI) has noted that UK is the largest foreign western investor in India.
UK investments in India:
- The total foreign direct investment (FDI) which flowed into India from all channels from the UK between 2000-2018 is estimated at $50.57 billion.
- Of $50.57 billion the UK has directly invested $26.09bn in India. There was an increase in investments by $847 million between 2017 and 2018 representing 7 per cent of all FDI into India.
- Almost two fifths, i.e. 38% of British companies made new investments in India in 2017.
- UK is the fourth largest investor in India. UK remains the largest investor into India outside of South East Asia and Africa.
- Japan narrowly overtook the UK and Japan is the largest G20 investor in India.
- UK is substantially ahead of Germany and France, who contribute 3% and 2% in FDI respectively.
Creating Jobs in India:
- The investments of UK resulted in the creation of around 52,000 new private sector jobs from 2016 to 2018 which was a 14% rise on the previous 18 months.
- British companies have created 422,524 jobs in India since 2000 and around 6% of all employees in British businesses in India are women, with 5% of managers in these firms being female.
Why India is preferred destination?
British firms are attracted to India due to its huge and growing market with an expanding middle class, the easy availability of talented workers and the current Government’s ease of doing business policies and reforms, such as the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax. Now India is the 6th largest economy in the world and is the most improved country on the World Bank Ease of Doing Business (EODB) Index. This makes India an attractive investment destination.
The economic relationship between the United Kingdom and India is blossoming. The economic ties between the two countries are going from strength to strength. India would be a vital trading partner as the UK charts a new future outside the EU. This makes a win-win situation for both the countries.