Forestry Current Affairs - 2020

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United Nations Global Compact Study: Women Labour-force has declined greatly in India

The United Nations Global Compact conducted a study recently and found that female labour participation has decreased from 34% in 2006 to 24.8% in 2020. The study also says that out of the 153 countries surveyed, India is the only country where economic gender gap is greater than political gap.

Key Findings

The Study says that if women labour participation has been the same as that of men, the GDP of the country shall be boosted by 27%. Globally 38.7% of employed women are working in forestry, agriculture and fisheries. However, only 13.85 of them are landholders.

Suggestions

The study suggests that corporate policies and public policies in India should ensure effective solutions. They should adapt life changes with their employees including dual career couples, maternity and changing care needs.

United Nations Global Compact

The United Nations Global Compact states 10 principles on human rights, anti-corruption, environment and labour. It encourages businesses world wide to adopt socially responsible policies.

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FSI: 21.4% of forest cover prone to forest fires

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change recently released India State of Forest Report, 2019. The report predominantly talks about forest cover in the country. The report also mentions about forest fires in the country.

Highlights of forest fire

According to the report, 21.4% of Indian forests are prone to forest fires. The report has given the figures after a thorough study of fire points identified between 2004 and 2017. The study says that forests in central India and north-eastern India are most vulnerable to forest fires.

The total number of forest fire alerts issued between November 2018 and June 2019 were 29,547. Out of these alerts, Mizoram recorded the highest. Of the alerts received, one-third were from north-eastern states. The major reason for increased number of alerts in north eastern region is slash and burn cultivation (Jhoom Cultivation).

The report also said that the overall forest cover of the country has increased. However, the forest cover in the north east region has declined.

Forest Survey of India

The Forest Survey of India begun in 1981. It is the successor of Pre investment Survey of Forest Resources (PISFR). The PISFR was supported by FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). The report is published twice a year.

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