Forex Reserves Current Affairs

India’s Forex reserves cross $400 billion for first time

According to Reserve Bank of India (RBI), India’s foreign exchange (Forex) reserves have crossed $400 billion mark for the first time. The increase was due sharp rise in foreign currency assets.

India is now at sixth position in forex reserves ranking behind China (3,053 billion reserves), Japan ($1,188 billion), Switzerland ($743 billion), Saudi Arabia ($489 billion) and Taiwan ($441 billion).


The Foreign exchange reserves act as buffer to be used in challenging times. The components of India’s FOREX Reserves include: Foreign currency assets (FCAs), Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and RBI’s Reserve position with International Monetary Fund (IMF). FCAs constitute largest component of the Forex Reserves.

Key Facts

According to RBI, foreign currency assets were $376.20 billion, gold reserves at $20.69 billion, SDRs of $ 1.52 billion and $2.30 billion reserves in IMF.

The main reasons for rise in Forex Reserves are sharp increase in foreign currency assets, mainly huge inflows through foreign direct investments (FDI) in projects and portfolio investments. Foreign investors have pumped in Rs. around $ 6.7 billion in stocks and $20.55 billion in debt instruments in 2017.

It has resulted in strengthening of rupee 6% this year, making it best performer currency among major emerging economies. The rupee had slumped to 68.86 in November 2016 before recovering but now it is 64.09 to the dollar.


India’s forex reserves at record-high of $386.53 billion

According to RBI, India’s foreign exchange (Forex) reserves have increased by $4.007 billion to touch a record high of $386.539 billion in the week that ended 30th June 2017.

The components of India’s Foreign Exchange Reserves include Foreign currency assets (FCAs), Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), Gold and RBI’s Reserve position with International Monetary Fund (IMF). 

Key Facts

The increase forex in the reporting week was due to increase FCAs. It rose by $3.724 billion to $362.388 billion. Gold reserves also increased by $252.8 million to $20.348 billion. India’s special drawing rights (SDRs) with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) also rose by $11.8 million to $1.479 billion. The RBI’s reserve position with IMF also increased by $18.9 million to $2.322 billion.

FCAs forms major part of the overall reserves. It consists of US dollar and other major non-US global currencies. It also comprises of investments in US Treasury bonds, bonds of other selected governments, deposits with foreign central and commercial banks. FCAs also include with them the effects of appreciation or depreciation of non-US currencies like the euro, pound, and yen and is expressed in terms of dollars.