fossil fuel Current Affairs - 2020

CO2 Emissions of India falls in 4 decades

According to the study conducted by Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA), the Carbon dioxide Emissions in India has declined the least in four decades.

Highlights

The study says that the carbon dioxide emissions in India has reduced by 15% in March and by 30% in April. The study also says that the latest consumption of oil and gas, coal has declined. It has fell by 30 million tonnes in 2019-20 in the country as compared to that of the previous year.

Fossil Fuel uses

The carbon dioxide pollution in the country is mainly caused due to power and transportation sector. The decline in consumption of fossil fuels is also the main reason for the reduction in pollution. The power generated by coal-fired power plants reduced by 15% in March for the first time. Also, the renewable energy generation has increased by 6.4% in March.

The carbon dioxide emission also slowed down due to slowdown in coal-fired electricity generation.

April 26: World Intellectual Property Day

Every year, the World Intellectual Property Day is marked on April 26 to encourage creativity and innovation. The day was established by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2000. This year, the World Intellectual Property Day is being marked under the theme

Theme: Innovate for Green Future

Significance

The day is marked to celebrate inventors and creators working towards green future. They work towards fossil fuel-based alternatives.

History

The world Intellectual Property Day was first proposed by the Chinese Delegation of WIPO. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly in 1999.

World Intellectual Property Organization

The WIPO is one of the 15 United Nations Specialized agencies. It was created to protect and promote intellectual property. Around 26 intellectual treaties are administered by WIPO. The headquarters of WIPO is located in Geneva, Switzerland.

What are Specialized Agencies of United Nations?

The Specialized Agencies are autonomous organizations of the United Nations that were created on behalf of the organization. These specialized agencies are authorized to carry out functions on behalf of the United Nations. They include

  • Food and Agriculture Organization, FAO
  • International Civil Aviation Organization, ICAO
  • International Labour Organization, ILO
  • International Fund for Agricultural Development, IFAD
  • International Maritime Organization, IMO
  • International Telecommunication Union, ITU
  • UNESCO
  • World Bank
  • World Health Organization, WHO
  • World Meteorological Organization, WMO
  • World Tourism Organization, UNWTO
  • Universal Postal Union, UPU
  • United Nations Industrial Development Organization, UNIDO
  • World Intellectual Property Organization
  • International Monetary Fund

What is Intellectual Property?

The Intellectual Property are creations that are related to artistic works, literary works, symbols, images and names used in commerce.