Freedom Struggle Current Affairs - 2020

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January 23: Birth Anniversary of Subhash Chandra Bose celebrated

On January 23, 2020, India celebrated 123rd birth anniversary of Subhash Chandra Bose. He was born on January 23, 1897. In order to commemorate Netaji’s birth anniversary, GoI is inaugurating a temple at Varanasi in the name of the leader with a Dalit woman as a chief priest. The prayers are to be performed to Bharat Mata at the temple.

About Netaji Temple

The temple is to be built in red, white and black colours. The red colour symbolizes revolution, black represents strength and white for peace. The temple has been built to inculcate patriotism among the citizens.

Azad Hind Fauj

Netaji formed a separate army called the “Azad Hind Fauj”. It was also called the Indian National Army or the INA. There were around 85,000 soldiers in INA.

About Netaji

Netaji did his schooling in Cuttack. He also passed the Indian Civil Service exam. However, he joined the non-cooperation movement and fought for India’s independence. He was elected as the president of Indian National Congress in 1939. However, he was expelled due to his differences with the other Congress leaders.

Controversies of Netaji’s Death

Different theories came with death of Subhash Chandra Bose. However, in 2017 GoI in its reply under Right to Information act, confirmed that the leader had died on August 18, 1945 in a plane crash. He was 48 years old when he died.

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Punjab CM dedicates 3rd phase of ‘Jung-E-Azadi’ memorial to victims of Jallianwala Bagh massacre

On the occasion of 73rd Independence Day, Chief Minister of Punjab Amarinder Singh dedicated 3rd phase of ‘Jung-E-Azadi’ memorial to people who were killed in Jallianwala Bagh massacre and unsung heroes who were incarcerated in Andaman Cellular jail during freedom struggle.

On the occasion, Punjab’s chief minister also digitally launched number of other projects for Jalandhar district, as part of Rs.450 crore worth of development and welfare projects inaugurated across state.

About ‘Jung-E-Azadi’ Memorial

It is a memorial and museum being built in Kartarpur, near Jalandhar city of Punjab. It is built in memory of sacrifices and contribution made by community of Punjabi’s in Indian independence movement.

On 19 October 2014, Punjab chief minister Parkash Singh Badal laid foundation stone of Jang-e-Azadi memorial, and actual work started on 26 March 2015 which still continues.

Significance: The memorial would go a long way in spreading awareness among younger generations about glorious past of India as well as sacrifices made by numerous people who fought to free Indians from British rule.

The 1st and 2nd phase of memorial had been constructed at a cost of Rs.290 crore and Rs.20 crore was dedicated by CM to 3rd phase of Jung-E-Azadi memorial.

Initiatives by Punjab Government:

Punjab government’s ‘Connect with Your Roots’ programme, helps youth visiting as part of programme to personally see rich cultural legacy of state at Jung-E-Azadi Memorial, Partition Museum, Amritsar and Virasat-E-Khalsa, Sri Anandpur Sahib and many more.

While underlining the need to connect youth with glorious legacy of national freedom struggle and to imbue youth with a spirit of nationalism and patriotism, Punjab CM also acknowledged that maximum schools students could be brought to Jung-E-Azadi memorial so that they could be properly educated and sensitised about nation’s journey to independence.

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