Freedom Struggle Current Affairs
Freedom fighter K.E. Mammen passed away due to age-related diseases in Neyyatinkara, Kerala. He was 96. He was a pacifist and adherent follower of Mahatma Gandhi
About K.E. Mammen
He was born into the renowned Kandathil family on July 31, 1921, in Thiruvananthapuram. He was a staunch believer of Gandhian principles and led an austere life. From an early age, he had lent his support for the freedom struggle. He became active in the freedom movement as a college student.
He was first jailed for taking an open stand against Sir C.P Ramaswamy Iyer, the then Dewan of the erstwhile Travancore state. Later he participated in the Quit India Struggle. In recent years, he was an active social worker, forefront in the anti-liquor campaign in Kerala.
Prime Minister felicitated the descendants of 16 families associated with Paika Rebellion of 1817 and other freedom struggles of Odisha in Bhubaneswar. In this year’s budget speech, Finance Minister had mentioned about the Paika rebellion led by Bakshi Jagabandhu and stated that the event will be commemorated appropriately.
Paika Rebellion of 1817 is an armed rebellion against British colonialism. The revolution was in response to the tinkering of the revenue system by the British in 1803. In response, the farming community of Odisha rose in rebellion. At that juncture, Bakshi Jagabandhu Bidyadhar, the military chief of the King of Khurda, led the army of Paikas and forced the British to retreat. This came to be known as Paika Bidroh (Paika rebellion). The landed militia of Khurda was called Paiks.
Paika Rebellion of 1817 has various social, economic and political reasons. The main cause of the revolution was the takeover of the rent-free land that had been given to the Paiks for their military service to the Kingdom of Khurda.
Though the revolution occurred before the first war of independence in 1857, the revolution did not get similar recognition like that of the Revolt of 1857.