Freedom Struggle Current Affairs - 2020

Supreme Court seeks immediate floor test from Madhya Pradesh State Government

On March 17, 2020, the Supreme Court of India issued notice to the Madhya Pradesh State Government to conduct a floor test. A bench headed by Justice Chandrachud issued the notice.

What is the issue?

Jyotiraditya Scindia, who lost 2019 election in Madya Pradesh ended his 18 years association with Congress party and joined BJP. Following this, 16 Members of the Legislative Assembly who won elections with congress ticket submitted their resignation letter to the speaker of the assembly. The assembly commenced for the budget session recently. The speaker accepted their resignation.

Now, there is a question of majority in the house for which when appealed by the MLAs to the SC, the apex court has ordered for a floor test.

Floor Test

The Floor test is conducted in order to prove majority of a government. The Chief Minister or Prime Minister moves vote of confidence. If he gains majority support, he continues to remain in power else he has to resign.

Scindia

The Scindia family ruled the princely state of Gwalior. Jivajirao Scindia (grandfather of Jyotiraditya Scindiya) was the last Maharaja of princely state of Gwalior. His son Madhavrao Scindia was a titular ruler. The 26th amendment of constitution abolished the official symbols of princely states in the country. This put an end to titles, privy purses and privileges enjoyed.

26th Constitutional Amendment

The 26th Constitutional amendment put an end to the privy purse in India. Privy purse was the payment made by the royal families of princely states to stay integrated with India after independence. At the time of independence there were 555 princely states covering 48% of the area and 28% of the population. The rulers were free to make choice in joining India or stay independent. It was Sardar Vallbhbhai Patel, who initiated unification of the princely states.

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Former Rajya Sabha member and veteran journalist Patil Puttappa passes away

On March 17, 2020, the veteran journalist and Rajya Sabha member Patil Puttappa passed away at the Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS). He died due to age related ailments.

About Patil Puttappa

Puttappa represented the state of Karnataka for two terms. He was a hardcore Kannada activist, popular writer and a journalist. He was the founder and editor of the weekly magazine “Prapancha”. He actively participated in the freedom struggle. He was also the president of Kannada Watchdog Committee. He was also the founder president of Border Advisory Committee. He was fondly called “Papu”.

Contribution to Literature

Puttappa has authored several Kannada language books such as Kavi Lekhakaru, Neevu Nagabeku,, Karnataka Sangeetha Kalaratnaru, etc.

Awards

The Legend has also received several awards. It includes Nadoja award, Wooday award and Nrupatunga award.

Freedom fights and unification of Kannadigas

At the time of independence Puttappa was in the forefront demanding unification of areas of Kannadigas. Kannadigas are the group of people who speak the language of Kannada. There are several places that project the claim of Kannadigas over the land. Some of them are included in UNESCO World Heritage sites as well. Some of such UNESCO World Heritage sites are Ellora caves, Ajanta caves, elephanta caves, Konark sun temple, etc.

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