Freedom Struggle Current Affairs - 2020

Former Rajya Sabha member and veteran journalist Patil Puttappa passes away

On March 17, 2020, the veteran journalist and Rajya Sabha member Patil Puttappa passed away at the Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS). He died due to age related ailments.

About Patil Puttappa

Puttappa represented the state of Karnataka for two terms. He was a hardcore Kannada activist, popular writer and a journalist. He was the founder and editor of the weekly magazine “Prapancha”. He actively participated in the freedom struggle. He was also the president of Kannada Watchdog Committee. He was also the founder president of Border Advisory Committee. He was fondly called “Papu”.

Contribution to Literature

Puttappa has authored several Kannada language books such as Kavi Lekhakaru, Neevu Nagabeku,, Karnataka Sangeetha Kalaratnaru, etc.

Awards

The Legend has also received several awards. It includes Nadoja award, Wooday award and Nrupatunga award.

Freedom fights and unification of Kannadigas

At the time of independence Puttappa was in the forefront demanding unification of areas of Kannadigas. Kannadigas are the group of people who speak the language of Kannada. There are several places that project the claim of Kannadigas over the land. Some of them are included in UNESCO World Heritage sites as well. Some of such UNESCO World Heritage sites are Ellora caves, Ajanta caves, elephanta caves, Konark sun temple, etc.

January 23: Birth Anniversary of Subhash Chandra Bose celebrated

On January 23, 2020, India celebrated 123rd birth anniversary of Subhash Chandra Bose. He was born on January 23, 1897. In order to commemorate Netaji’s birth anniversary, GoI is inaugurating a temple at Varanasi in the name of the leader with a Dalit woman as a chief priest. The prayers are to be performed to Bharat Mata at the temple.

About Netaji Temple

The temple is to be built in red, white and black colours. The red colour symbolizes revolution, black represents strength and white for peace. The temple has been built to inculcate patriotism among the citizens.

Azad Hind Fauj

Netaji formed a separate army called the “Azad Hind Fauj”. It was also called the Indian National Army or the INA. There were around 85,000 soldiers in INA.

About Netaji

Netaji did his schooling in Cuttack. He also passed the Indian Civil Service exam. However, he joined the non-cooperation movement and fought for India’s independence. He was elected as the president of Indian National Congress in 1939. However, he was expelled due to his differences with the other Congress leaders.

Controversies of Netaji’s Death

Different theories came with death of Subhash Chandra Bose. However, in 2017 GoI in its reply under Right to Information act, confirmed that the leader had died on August 18, 1945 in a plane crash. He was 48 years old when he died.