G 20 Current Affairs - 2020

Cabinet approves Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement between India-Chile

Union Cabinet has approved the signing of Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) and Protocol between Republic of India and Republic of Chile. This will help in elimination of double taxation as well as prevention of fiscal evasion and avoidance with respect to taxes on income.

Major impact of DTAA Agreement and Protocol

It will facilitate elimination of double taxation between two nations. Moreover, a clear allocation of taxing rights between Contracting States by Agreement will provide tax certainty to investors and businesses of both countries. This will also augment the flow of investment through fixing of fees for technical services, royalties and the tax rates in source State on interest.

The Agreement and Protocol implements minimum standards and other recommendations of G-20 OECD Base Erosion Profit Shifting (BEPS) Project (or BEPS Project). The Agreement includes provisions such as a Principal Purpose Test, Preamble Text, a General Anti-Abuse provision along with a Simplified Limitation of Benefits Clause (SLBC) as per BEPS Project. This will result in curbing of tax planning strategies which exploit gaps and mismatches in tax rules.

Way Forward

The Implementation Strategy and Targets includes completing necessary formalities for bringing the Agreement and Protocol into force after the Cabinet approval. Implementation would be watched and reported by Union Ministry of Finance.

UK Is the Largest Western Foreign Investor in India: Report

The report ‘India’s Sterling Assets: Britain Meets India’ by the Confederation of British Industry (CBI) has noted that UK is the largest foreign western investor in India.

UK investments in India:

  • The total foreign direct investment (FDI) which flowed into India from all channels from the UK between 2000-2018 is estimated at $50.57 billion.
  • Of $50.57 billion the UK has directly invested $26.09bn in India. There was an increase in investments by $847 million between 2017 and 2018 representing 7 per cent of all FDI into India.
  • Almost two fifths, i.e. 38% of British companies made new investments in India in 2017.
  • UK is the fourth largest investor in India. UK remains the largest investor into India outside of South East Asia and Africa.
  • Japan narrowly overtook the UK and Japan is the largest G20 investor in India.
  • UK is substantially ahead of Germany and France, who contribute 3% and 2% in FDI respectively.

Creating Jobs in India:

  • The investments of UK resulted in the creation of around 52,000 new private sector jobs from 2016 to 2018 which was a 14% rise on the previous 18 months.
  • British companies have created 422,524 jobs in India since 2000 and around 6% of all employees in British businesses in India are women, with 5% of managers in these firms being female.

Why India is preferred destination?

British firms are attracted to India due to its huge and growing market with an expanding middle class, the easy availability of talented workers and the current Government’s ease of doing business policies and reforms, such as the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax. Now India is the 6th largest economy in the world and is the most improved country on the World Bank Ease of Doing Business (EODB) Index. This makes India an attractive investment destination.

The economic relationship between the United Kingdom and India is blossoming. The economic ties between the two countries are going from strength to strength. India would be a vital trading partner as the UK charts a new future outside the EU. This makes a win-win situation for both the countries.