Gambia Current Affairs - 2019

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World Press Freedom Index 2019

International NGO, Reporters without Borders has released the World Press Freedom Index 2019. The index is based on the assessment of the countries’ press freedom records in the previous year.

The report is partly based on a questionnaire which asks questions about pluralism, media independence, environment and self-censorship, legislative framework, transparency, and infrastructure.

World Press Freedom Index 2019

  • The World Press Freedom Index 2019′, topped by Norway which is followed by Finland, Sweden, Netherlands and Denmark.
  • The 2019 index finds that hatred against journalists has degenerated into violence, contributing to an increase in fear around the world.
  • India has dropped two places on a global press freedom index to be ranked 140th out of 180 countries and the report indicates an increased sense of hostility towards journalists across the world, with violent attacks in India leading to at least six Indian journalists being killed in the line of their work last year.
  • The report notes that at least six Indian journalists were killed in connection with their work in 2018. Violence against journalists including police violence, attacks by Maoist fighters and reprisals by criminal groups or corrupt politicians is one of the most striking characteristics of the current state of press freedom in India.
  • The murder of journalists highlighted the many dangers that Indian journalists face, especially those working for non-English-language media outlets in rural areas.
  • South Asia in general features poorly on the index. Pakistan has dropped three places to 142, and Bangladesh has dropped four places to 150.
  • In Africa, Ethiopia (up 40 at 110th) and Gambia (up 30 at 92nd) have significantly improved from last year’s Index.
  • Both Vietnam (176th) and China (177th) have fallen one place and Turkmenistan (down two at 180th) is now last, replacing North Korea (up one at 179th).

The report concludes that the number of countries regarded as safe, where journalists can work in complete security, continues to decline, while authoritarian regimes continue to tighten their grip on the media.

Macky Sall re-elected as Senegal’s President

President of Senegal Macky Sall has won the re-election with 58.27% of votes cast. More than 50% votes to a candidate imply that there would be no second round voting under the election system of Senegal.

Senegal

Senegal lies on the west coast of Africa. Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest. Senegal also borders the Gambia which occupies a narrow sliver of land along the banks of the Gambia River. Senegal also shares a maritime border with Cape Verde. Dakar is Senegal’s economic and political capital.

Senegal was the colony of Portuguese and later the French. Senegal gained independence from France in 1960. Senegal is the Muslim majority country and it has successfully escaped the jihadist attacks which have destabilised neighbours such as Mali.

Senegal has witnessed two peaceful power transfers, in 2000 and 2012, and has never experienced a coup even though election campaigns are typically stained by charges of corruption, disinformation and bouts of violence.

Diplomatic relations between India and Senegal was established at the ambassadorial level with the establishment of a resident Indian mission in Dakar in 1962.

Senegal is often referred to as the biggest Indophile of West Africa since it is greatly influenced by a range of Indian cultural elements ranging from Hindi cinema to the concept of caste and outcaste.