Ganga Rejuvenation Current Affairs - 2019
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Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Road Transport & Highways and Shipping Nitin Gadkari lays foundation stone for eleven projects for Yamuna Rejuvenation under Namami Gange Programme in New Delhi.
The projects mostly for the sewerage infrastructure at various stages of implementation are taken up under the Namami Gange programme with an aim to conserve the River Yamuna in Delhi. The projects are undertaken under the Yamuna Action Plan.
Yamuna Action Plan
Yamuna Action Plan is one of the largest river restoration projects in India. Yamuna Action Plan is a bilateral project between the Government of India and Japan. The Japanese Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) is providing the financial aid to carry out the project and is being implemented by the National River Conservation Directorate, the Ministry of Environment and Forests, and the Government of India.
Namami Gange Programme integrates the efforts to clean and protect the River Ganga in a comprehensive manner. The programme was initiated in 2015 with a budget outlay of Rs. 20,000 over 5 years.
The programme focuses on pollution abatement interventions namely Interception, diversion & treatment of wastewater flowing through the open drains through bio-remediation, appropriate in-situ treatment, use of innovative technologies, treatment plants (STPs), effluent treatment plant (ETPs), rehabilitation and augmentation of existing STPs and immediate short-term measures for arresting pollution at exit points on riverfront to prevent inflow of sewage etc.
The programme also focuses on improved coordination mechanisms between various Ministries/Agencies of Central and State governments.
The Union Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation has constituted task force for speedy implementation of various ongoing Namami Gange programme.
The task force is expected to have ministers and officials from water resources, urban development, drinking water and sanitation and rural development among others onboard.
Namami Gange programme
Namami Gange programme is an ambitious flagship programme of Union Government aiming at integrating various efforts to clean and protect River Ganga in comprehensive manner. It was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in May 2015.
The programme aims at Ganga rejuvenation by combining the existing ongoing efforts and planning under it to create a concrete action plan for future. It has budgetary outlay of Rs.20,000 crore to accomplish twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of River Ganga. It will cover 8 states, 47 towns and 12 rivers under project.
The main pillars of programme are sewerage treatment infrastructure, river-front development, river-surface cleaning, bio-diversity, afforestation, public awareness, industrial effluent monitoring and ganga gram. It also seeks to benefit vast population dependent on River Ganaga in terms of job creation, improved livelihoods and health benefits.
Its implementation has been divided into entry-level activities for immediate visible impact, medium-term activities to be implemented within 5 years of time frame and Long-Term Activities to be implemented within 10 years. It also endeavours to deploy best available knowledge and resources international countries that have expertise in river rejuvenation such as Australia, UK, Germany, Finland, Israel etc.