Ganga Rejuvenation Current Affairs - 2020

PM Modi reviews Namami Gange Project

On December 14, 2019, PM Modi reviewed the Namami Gange Project at Kanpur Atal Ghat. He was accompanied by UP CM Yogi Adityanath. He also visited the recently closed Sisamau Nala. PM Modi also chaired the first meeting of National Ganga Council with the Union Ministers.

Why Kanpur?

The most polluted stretch of the Ganges from Gaumukh to Gangasagar lies in Kanpur. The sewage treatment in Kanpur was inadequate with only 150-175 MLD (million litres per day) of sewage being treated and the rest of untreated sewage discharged into the river directly. The Sisamau Nala channel that was closed recently discharged 140 MLD of sewage. There are around 400 leather tanning industries in and around the city discharging unregulated discharges into the river.

Council review

The Council chaired by the Prime Minister for the first time reviewed 10 projects at estimated cost of Rs 2315 crores. It also included the diversion of Sisamau Nala channel. The Sisamau Nala drain, the largest drain in Asia was used as a sewerage conveyance channel since 1890. The drain was closed by the UP government in 2018.

Organic Farming along the Ganges

The Council has planned to launch organic farming on the banks of the river. This is because, besides industrial and sewerage pollution, agricultural run off is a major pollution in the river. The council has planned to encourage farmers in sustainable agricultural practices such as planting of fruit trees, zero budget farming and building plant nurseries on the banks of the river.

National Ganga Council

The National Ganga Council holds overall responsibility to direct, develop and control River Ganga and the entire River Ganga Basin. It also includes protection, prevention and abatement of environmental pollution in River Ganga.

Jurisdiction of the Council

The jurisdiction of the council is extended to states Himachal Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Delhi and Haryana.

Composition

The PM is the chair person of the council. The Union Minister of Water Resources, river development and Ganga Rejuvenation are the ex-officio vice-chairperson of the council. The other members include ministers of finance, urban development, environment, tourism, drinking water and sanitation, shipping, vice chairman of NITI Aayog and CMs of the states to which the jurisdiction extends.

Nitin Gadkari lays foundation stone of 11 projects for Yamuna rejuvenation

Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Road Transport & Highways and Shipping Nitin Gadkari lays foundation stone for eleven projects for Yamuna Rejuvenation under Namami Gange Programme in New Delhi.

The projects mostly for the sewerage infrastructure at various stages of implementation are taken up under the Namami Gange programme with an aim to conserve the River Yamuna in Delhi. The projects are undertaken under the Yamuna Action Plan.

Yamuna Action Plan

Yamuna Action Plan is one of the largest river restoration projects in India. Yamuna Action Plan is a bilateral project between the Government of India and Japan. The Japanese Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) is providing the financial aid to carry out the project and is being implemented by the National River Conservation Directorate, the Ministry of Environment and Forests, and the Government of India.

Namami Gange

Namami Gange Programme integrates the efforts to clean and protect the River Ganga in a comprehensive manner. The programme was initiated in 2015 with a budget outlay of Rs. 20,000 over 5 years.

The programme focuses on pollution abatement interventions namely Interception, diversion & treatment of wastewater flowing through the open drains through bio-remediation, appropriate in-situ treatment,  use of innovative technologies, treatment plants (STPs), effluent treatment plant (ETPs), rehabilitation and augmentation of existing STPs and immediate short-term measures for arresting pollution at exit points on riverfront to prevent inflow of sewage etc.

The programme also focuses on improved coordination mechanisms between various Ministries/Agencies of Central and State governments.