Gender Gap Current Affairs - 2020
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On December 17, the World Economic Forum released its report according to which India ranked 112th in terms of gender gap. The report said that the India was ranked in bottom-five in terms of survival and economic participation.
India was in 108th position in 2018. Its performance weakened in the year 2019 according to the report. India’s performance was lagging in three out of four metrics used for ranking the countries. India slipped to 150th rank in health and survival, 149th in economic participation, 112th in educational attainment. India improved to 18th place in terms of political empowerment.
The report also said that opportunities for women in India is very low. India was ranked below countries like Bangladesh (50th), Indonesia (85th), Brazil (92nd), Nepal (101st), Sri Lanka (102nd), China (106th).
The World Economic Forum published its first report in 2006. Since then performance of India has deteriorated. In 2006, India was ranked at 98th place. Opportunities for women in the country is 35.4%. Sex ratio of India was low as compared to other countries (91 girls for every 100 boys).
Iceland was the topmost gender-neutral country. Next to Iceland, other Nordic Countries like Norway, Finland and Sweden were the top performers. At the top 10, countries like Nicaragua (5th), New Zealand (6th), Ireland (7th), Spain (8th), Rwanda (9th) and Germany (10th). United States continued to decline falling to 53rd place
Though there are several hinderance for the situation to get improved, role model effect will start to have impact in terms of leadership. For instance, eight out of top 10 countries had high political empowerment with greater participation from women.
Tags: Economic inequality • Education • Gender Gap • Health • Sex Ratio
The findings of the study published in the journal eLife suggest that mass measles vaccination campaign of India helped save the lives of tens of thousands of children between 2010 and 2013.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. Measles has been an important cause of death among young children globally, despite the availability of a safe and effective vaccine.
Findings of the Study
- The study suggests that that the measles vaccine campaigns helped save 41,000 to 56,000 children in India during 2010 to 2013, or 39-57 per cent of the expected number of deaths nationally.
- The study found that found that mortality in children aged between one and 59 months fell more in the campaign states following launch (27 per cent) than in the non-campaign states (11 per cent).
- The study notes that eliminating deaths from measles in India could be possible, although it will require continued diligence to ensure high immunisation rates among Indian children and direct mortality monitoring.
- Measles mortality risk was notably lower for children living in the campaign districts and those born between 2010-2013.
- The campaign was particularly successful for girls, as there was a steeper decline in the mortality rates of girls than boys in the vaccination campaign states during the three-year period.
- But still, the mortality rates remain higher for girls reference for boys and/or lower levels of breastfeeding and healthcare access.
The study adopted a novel statistical method on data from the Million Death Study (MDS), a nationally representative sample of all deaths in India, which includes detailed interviews with families about child deaths.