Gender Inequality Current Affairs - 2020

COVID-19 and Child Labour Report by the United Nations

The International Labour Organization and the UNICEF have released a report on Child Labour. The report has been released under the title

Title: COVID-19 and Child Labour: A Time of Crisis, A Time to Act

Key Findings

The report says that millions of children are to be pushed to child labour due to COVID-19 crisis. The report also says that the children already in laborious activities might end up working longer hours.

Poverty

According to the report, COVID-19 will increase poverty that will eventually drive the increase in child labour. The report predicts that 1% increase in poverty will lead to 0.7% increase in child labour.

This is because, as poverty increases in a country, schools close and the social services decrease. This forces more children turn into work forces. Currently, temporary school closure is affecting more than 1 billion students spread in 130 countries.

This will also push children into hazardous and exploitative jobs. The Gender Inequalities may grow with girls becoming vulnerable to exploitation especially in domestic works and agriculture.

Migrant Workers

Among all, the most vulnerable persons during COVID-19 are the migrant workers. They will face economic downturn

Facts Box: ILO’s Labour Report, 2020

The International Labour Organization released its “The World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2020” (WESO) report. The report stated that the global unemployment has been stable for the last nine years. However, slowing economic growth means that for the increasing labour force, no new jobs are created.

Highlights: World

The report has projected that the unemployment is to increase around 2.5 million in 2020. Currently there are 188 million people unemployed in the world. This means one in five of the workers worldwide are living in poverty.

The report also says that around 165 million people in the world do not have enough paid work and 120 million lack access to labour market. In all, more than 470 million are affected due to unemployment problems.

Highlights: India

According to the report, the growth in countries of India and china in the past 13 years has caused the global labour inequality to reduce. However, the labour income distribution within these countries has not changed. The Gender gap in wages of the labours is more in South Asian countries such as India, Pakistan and Bangladesh as compared to the rest of the world. While it stands at 15% in developed nations, in these countries the gender gap of wages is 40%.