genetic disorders Current Affairs - 2020

June 13: International Albinism Awareness Day

Every year, the International Albinism Awareness Day is celebrated on June 13. The day is marked to celebrate the human rights of the persons affected by Albinism world wide. This year the International Albinism Awareness Day is marked under the theme

Theme: Made to Shine

Highlights

The day is celebrated worldwide to create awareness and acknowledge multiple forms of discrimination faced by people with albinism. This year, the theme has been chosen to celebrate the success of people with Albinism worldwide. The theme aims to convey the message that though people suffering from Albinism are facing discrimination, the world stands together with them to free them from discrimination and violence. The day is marked by United Nations.

Albinism

Albinism is genetically inherited, non-contagious and results in lack of pigmentation in skin, eyes and hair. For the disease to be present at birth, both the parents must carry the gene of Albinism.

In Europe and North America, one in 17,000 are affected with Albinism. It is more prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa where one in 1,400 are affected.

May 8: World Thalassemia Day

Every year, World Thalassemia Day is observed on May 8. It aims to create awareness about Thalassemia and avoid the disease from transmitting to other people. It is also observed to provide better quality of life to people suffering from Thalassemia.

Highlights

The World Thalassemia Day is observed under the theme

Theme: The dawning of a new era for Thalassemia: Time for a global effort to make novel therapies accessible and affordable to patients.

The World Thalassemia Day is being observed since 1994. It is organized by the Thalassemia International Federation.

What is Thalassemia?

Thalassemia is genetic blood disorder that is characterized by abnormal haemoglobin production. There are two major types of Thalassemia namely Alpha Thalassemia and Beta Thalassemia.

Thalassemia in India

India is in the Thalassemia belt of the world. Over 3.7% of the total Thalassemia patients are in India. Of all the states, West Bengal is the most affected state of Thalassemia.