Geographical Indication Current Affairs - 2019
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The Geographical Indications Registry has approved the Geographical Indication (GI) tag for coffee varieties viz. Coorg Arabica Coffee, Wayanad Robusta Coffee, Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee, Araku Valley Arabica Coffee and Bababudangiri Arabica Coffee.
Coorg Arabica Coffee
Kodagu district of Karnataka is famous for Coffee cultivation. The unique biotic and abiotic conditions provide uniqueness to the Coffee grown in the region of Kodagu. The broader landscape provides it with a unique aroma and flavour to the coffee when roasted.
Wayanad Robusta Coffee
Wayanad Robusta Coffee both as a pure crop and as mixed crop along with pepper in the Wayanad region of Kerala. Wayanad produces almost around 90% of Kerala’s Coffee produce and forms the backbone of the coffee economy of Kerala.
Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee
Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee is grown in Chikmagalur district, Karnataka. It is the region in India where the coffee cultivation first began.
Bababudangiri Arabica Coffee
Bababudangiri Arabica Coffee is grown in the Bababudangiri region of Karnataka. Bababudangiri in Chikmanglur District of Karnataka is where the coffee was first grown in India. The coffee grown here is known for its unique flavour and aroma. Selectively hand-picked and processes by natural fermentation, the cup exhibits full body, acidity, mild flavour and striking aroma with a note of chocolate which makes it unique.
Araku Valley Arabica Coffee
Araku Valley Arabica Coffee has a pleasant acidity with a citrus note of grapefruit and a mild jaggery-like sweetness with light to medium strength. It is grown in regions of Visakhapatnam district in Andhra Pradesh and Koraput district in Odisha.
The Sirsi Supari of Karnataka has got the GI tag by the Registrar of Geographical Indications. Sirsi Supari is the first product from the Arecanut sector to get a GI tag.
- Sirsi Supari is cultivated in Yellapura, Siddapura and Sirsi taluks.
- Sirsi Supari is medium in size, somewhat flat and rounded in shape, somewhat ash coloured, and has a hard seed which makes it unique.
- The Arecanut grown in Yellapura, Siddapura and Sirsi taluks have unique features like a round and flattened coin shape, particular texture, size, cross-sectional views, taste, etc which are not seen in arecanut grown in any other regions.
- The average dry weight is 7.5 g and average thickness is 16 mm.
- Sirsi Supari has a unique taste due to differences in chemical composition and the total average flavonoids content in it is around 90 whereas in others it is around 80.
The process to obtain the GI tag was initiated some 6 years ago in 2013 and it took six years to get it owing to scientific research proof to be submitted to prove its uniqueness.
Geographical Indication defines the goods as originating in the territory of a country or a region or locality in that territory, provided a given quality reputation or other characteristics of the product are attributable to its geographical origin. The product to acquire GI tag has to indicate that a product of a particular origin has a certain quality or reputation or some other characteristics, which is essentially attributable to its geographical origin.