Geographical Indication tag Current Affairs - 2020

Kashmir Saffron receives GI Tag

The Saffron cultivated in the Kashmir valley has received Geographical Indication Tag. It is to be noted that three other products such as Gorakhpur Teracotta, Kovilpatti Kadalai Mittai and Black rice of Manipur also received GI tag recently.

About Kashmir Saffron

The Saffron cultivated in Kashmir is long, thick and has natural deep red colour. Also, it has high aroma and is processed without adding any chemicals.

The colour of the saffron is unique due to the high quantity of crocin. It has a rich flavour because of safranal and the bitterness is due to the presence of picrocrocin.

What is special about the Saffron?

The Kashmir Saffron is the only saffron in the world that is grown at an altitude of 1,600 metres.

Where are Kashmir Saffron grown?

Kashmir Saffron is a world renowned spice and is grown in regions of Pulwama, Kishtwar, Budgam and Srinagar.

Types of Saffron

The Saffron is available in three types namely Lachha Saffrin that is simply separated from the flower and dried without processing. Mongra Saffron that is detached from the flower, dried and processed traditionally. The Guchhi Saffron that is dried and packed loosely in air tight containers, joined together in a bundle with a red thread.

GI Tag to Manipur Black Rice, Gorakhpur Terracotta and Kovilpatti Kadalai Mittai

On April 30, 2020, Black rice of Manipur, also called the Chak-Hao, Gorakhpur Terracotta and Kadalai Mittai of Kovilpatti bagged Geographical Indication tag.


The application to receive Geographical Status for Chak Hao was initiated by North Eastern Regional Agricultural Marketing Corporation Limited (NERAMAC).

Black rice

This rice variety has a deep black colour and is higher by weight than that of other coloured rice varieties like brown rice, etc. The rice has higher weight and is black in colour mainly due to the anthocyanin agent. The rice is suitable for creating dessert, porridge. It is used in traditional bread, noodles and rice cake recipes of China.

Kovilpatti Kadalai Mittai

Kadalai Mittai is a pea nut candy made in southern parts of Tamil Nadu. The candy is prepared from ground nut and jaggery. The water is exclusively used from the river Thamirabarani. According to the producers of the region the water from this particular river enhances the taste of the candy.

River Thamirabarani originates in the Western Ghats and flows into the Gulf of Mannar. It is a perennial river of Tamil Nadu.

Gorakhpur Terracotta

The terracotta of Gorakhpur is centuries old. The potters of the town make animal figures like elephants, horses. Every piece of arts created has more toil and has earned less remuneration so far. The GI tag will help to boost the potters’ income.