Geological Survey of India Current Affairs - 2020

India to Host International Geological Congress 2020

India is set to host the 36th International Geological Congress (IGC) in New Delhi during the first week of March 2020. The theme for next year conference is ‘Geosciences: The Basic Science for a Sustainable Development’.

About International Geological Congress (IGC)

It is popularly described as ‘Olympics of Geosciences’. The IGCs are a prestigious global geoscientific events held once in four years and participated by nearly 5000-6000 geoscientists from all across the world.

IGC 2020: The 36th IGC is expected to provide a platform for international cooperation in all major field of geosciences including launching of collaborative programs, provision of investment opportunities in environmental management, mineral exploration, mining and related enterprises. It would also help in dealing with problems of sustainability, energy crisis, water crisis, climate change, environmental issues and resource management.

Geological Survey of India is the nodal agency for organizing the IGC 2020. The event is being funded by Union Ministry of Mines (MoM) and Union Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) with support of the Indian National Science Academy (INSA) and National Science Academies of Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

India and IGC: India is the only Asian country to host the IGC event twice. India had earlier hosted the event for the first time in 1964, which was 22nd IGC. The event was inaugurated by then President of India Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. The IGC is making a comeback to India after 56 long years much to the enthusiasm of the entire geoscientific community.

Arunachal has 35% of India’s Graphite Deposits: GSI Report

The Geological Survey of India (GSI) in its report revealed that about 35 % of India’s total Graphite reserves is found in Arunachal Pradesh. This is the highest found in country.

Key findings of Report

  • About: The GSI presented the said data during its annual interactive meeting with the Department of Geology and Mining & Industries, Government of Arunachal Pradesh in Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh Capital).
  • Issue: At present India imports majority of Graphite from other countries.
  • Importance: With 35 % of India’s Graphite deposits being found in Arunachal Pradesh, the State could now be developed as leading producer of graphite in country thus helping in meeting its future needs.
  • Suggestions: The Arunachal Pradesh’s secretary of Department of Geology and Mining suggested that the survey and drilling activities of GSI should be moved towards India-China international Border.
  • As per the reports China is undertaking huge graphite mining activities across the border in Tibet Autonomous Region. Therefore, road and infrastructure development towards the (Sino-India) international border should act as a boon for exploration and extraction of mineral at the same time meeting India needs and reducing imports.
  • Note: of the total 3,488 km border India shares with China, Arunachal Pradesh shares 1,126 km.

About Geological Survey of India (GSI)

  • It was founded in 1851 with primarily goal of finding coal deposits for the Railways.
  • It is an attached office to the Ministry of Mines and it is Headquartered in Kolkata.
  • Function: To create and update national geoscientific information and mineral resource assessment.
  • Services Undertaken: The objectives of GSI are achieved through various surveys like marine, air-borne, ground, and also by mineral investigations. It also undertakes multi-disciplinary studies like geo-environmental, geoscientific, geo-technical, and natural hazards, and carrying out fundamental research.

About Graphite

  • It is the most stable allotrope of Carbon, with standard entropy being zero.
  • It is the only non-metal element which is a good conductor of electricity.
  • It is also known as a dry lubricant for its greasy feel.
  • It has many industrial applications, especially for products that need very high heat.