Geology Current Affairs

India to host 36th International Geological Congress in 2020

India is going to host 36th International Geological Congress (IGC) in 2020 in NCR New Delhi. India had won the bid in 2012 at 34th IGC Brisbane, Australia to host the Congress in 2020.

Recently, delegation of International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) had visited India to discuss preparatory aspects of 36th IGC.

Key Facts

The 36th IGC to be held in New Delhi is jointly funded by Ministry of Mines and Ministry of Earth Sciences with active support of Indian National Science Academy (INSA) and science academies of India’s neighbouring co-host countries, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

International Geological Congress (IGC)

The IGC is prestigious conclave of geoscientists from around world. It is considered as an Olympic of the International Geosciences fraternity. It aims to bring together the geo-scientific community across the continents and oceans. It is held once every four years (quadrennially) under aegis of IUGS through process of global bidding.

The first session of IGC was held in 1878 in France with an aim to provide global geological community with opportunity to create an organizational frame work for meeting at regular intervals. Since then, IGC have been hosted by 24 countries throughout the world at 3-to 5-year intervals. The 35th International Geological Congress was held at Cape Town, South Africa in 2016.

International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS)

The IUGS is an international non-governmental organization devoted to international cooperation in the field of geology. It was founded in 1961. Currently geologists from 121 countries (and regions) are represented in IUGS through 121 adhering organizations. It is joint partner with UNESCO for International Geoscience Programme (IGCP).

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CCEA approves survey project of Un-appraised Areas of Sedimentary Basins

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved survey project to acquire 48,243 Line Kilometer (LKM) 2D seismic data for appraisal of Indian sedimentary basins where limited data is available.

Sedimentary basin is a low area in the Earth’s crust, of tectonic origin, in which sediments accumulate. It can range from as small as hundreds of meters to large parts of ocean basins.

India has total 26 sedimentary basins covering area of 3.14 Million Sq Km (MSK) spread over onland, shallow water and deep water. 48% of total sedimentary basin area (about 1.502 MSK) does not have adequate geo-scientific data.

Key Facts

The project will be implemented by Oil India Limited (OIL) and Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC). Under it, survey work will be carried out in 24 States. OIL will conduct survey in North-Eastern States, while ONGC will cover remaining area. The entire project is likely to be completed by 2019-20.

After appraisal of these sedimentary basins, blocks will be offered for further exploration and production activities based on prospectivity of area. It will help in increasing the investments in domestic production of oil and gas and generate direct and indirect employment.

Significance

The appraisal of all unappraised areas is considered an important task to launch future Exploration and Production (E&P) activities. Data acquisition will provide initial insight into basins and help in planning future E&P activities. It will be useful in deciding focus areas of exploration activities in country and on basis of this primary data, E&P companies will be able take up further exploration activities in acreages allocated to them.

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