Girish Chandra Murmu Current Affairs - 2020
On August 5, 2020, the day when the Union Territories (UTs) Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh celebrated their one year of formation, the Lieutenant Governor of J&K Girish Chandra Murmu resigned. He sent his letter of resignation to President Ram Nath Kovind.
Following his resignation, Manoj Sinha has been appointed as the LG of Jammu and Kashmir.
Mr Murmu was appointed as the LG of the state of Jammu and Kashmir after its formation under Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act, 2019. He was a 1985 batch IAS officer from Gujarat. He was a secretary at Ministry of Finance prior to his appointment as LG. He had also served as secretary to PM Modi when he served as CM of Gujarat.
The Article 239 of Indian Constitution says that every Union Territory in India shall be administered by the President through a Lieutenant Governor (LG) appointed by him. Unlike Governors who are constitutional heads of the states, LG is an administrator.
How is a LG different from a Governor?
The powers and functions of the Governor and LG are more or less the same. However, the powers of LG are wider than that of the Governors. This is because, a Governor acts solely on the advice of the council of ministers in the state. And on the other hand, a LG need not take the approval of the council of ministers on every matter.
Delhi and Puducherry
The Union Territories J&K, Delhi and Puducherry are the only three UTs in the country that have democratically elected governments just like other Indian states. The other UTs are administered by the LG.
The Chief Ministers of these territories are appointed by the President and not by the LG. The Chief Ministers of states on the other hand are appointed by the respective governors of the state.
The LG of Delhi is guided by Transaction of Business of the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Rules, 1993 and Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991. The LG of Puducherry is guided by the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963.
Tags: Article 239AA • Girish Chandra Murmu • Governor • Jammu and Kashmir governor • Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act 2019
On July 18, 2020, the Jammu and Kashmir administration announced life insurance cover of Rs 25 lakhs to all elected members of urban local bodies and panchayati raj institutions.
The provision of insurance aims to strengthen grassroots democracy by providing sense of security to the members elected. This is essential as the elected members are under constant threat from terrorists.
The Administrative Council met under the chairmanship of Lieutenant Governor GC Murmu. The council has approved the life insurance to sarpanches, elected members of municipal bodies, Block Development Council members.
The insurance will act as guarantee for the family members of the elected representatives who die in terror incidents. This is being done so that the families do not face distress and poverty due to untoward incidents.
In India, a governor is in charge of a state and a lieutenant governor is in charge of a Union Territory. However, only the union territories of Ladakh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Jammu and Kashmir, Delhi and Puducherry have lieutenant governors. While, the other union territories have administrators appointed who is usually an IAS officer.