girl education Current Affairs - 2020

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Annual Status of Education Report 2019

On January 14, 2020, the Non-Profit Organization Pratham released its annual report, Annual Status of Education Report, 2019. The report is based on the survey conducted in 26 districts that covers 36,000 children in the age group of 4 to 8 years.

Key Findings of the report

  • Number of girls enrolled in government schools is higher than number of boys. On the other hand, number of boys enrolled in private institutions is higher than that of girls
  • The report says that around 56.8% of girls and 50.4% of boys are enrolled in government schools.
  • In the age group of 6-8 years, 61.1% of girls and 52.1% of boys were enrolled in government institutions.
  • According to RTE act, 2009 (Right to Education act), children should enter Class I at the age of 6. But according to the report, 4 out of every 10 children entering Class I are less than 5 years old.

Suggestions of the report

  • The existing network of Anganwadi Centres should be strengthened and expanded.
  • Early language, numeracy, social and emotional learning tasks are closely related to age of the children. Therefore, it is mandatory to put children into primary grades at the right age.

The age band of children between 4 and 8 are seen as continuous progressive stages, Therefore, utmost importance should be given in designing curriculum for these stages

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Amma Vodi scheme launched in Andhra Pradesh

On January 9, 2020, Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Jagan Mohan Reddy launched Amma Vodi Scheme in Chittoor. It is one of the nine flagship programmes of the Andhra Government. The programmes are called Navratanalu. The scheme is first of its kind in the country.

Key Features of the Programme

The scheme aims at benefitting school students studying in classes I to XII. It includes both public and private schools. Under the scheme, these students belonging to Below Poverty Line will get Rs 15,000 per annum. However, the guardian or mother of the child should ensure 75% attendance of the child.

Funding

The State Government has allocated Rs 6318 crores under the scheme. The funding aims at helping lakhs of below poverty line mothers trying to educate their children. The amount is to be directly transferred to the bank account of the beneficiaries.

The amount is to be transferred to the accounts of the mothers till the children complete their Class 12 education.

Educational reforms in the state

The Andhra Pradesh Government has allocated budget of Rs 14,000 crores to enable educational institutions and revamp the older infrastructure. It has also adopted English as medium of instruction in schools for class 1 to 6.

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