Global Environment Facility Current Affairs

Creating and Sustaining Markets for Energy Efficiency project launched by EESL in partnership with GEF

The Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), under Ministry of Power in partnership with Global Environment Facility (GEF) has launched Creating and Sustaining Markets for Energy Efficiency project.

The project will help in recognizing India’s efforts towards a low emission-economy and focusing on energy efficiency programmes. Currently around two-thirds of total power generation capacity in India is based on fossil fuels. By 2030, India is committed to achieve 40% of the installed capacity based on clean energy sources.

Funding

Project will receive composite funding of $454 million comprised of $20 million GEF grant and co-financing of $434 million in form of loans and equity, including $200 million loan from Asian Development Bank (ADB). Further, EESL also has proposed Energy Efficiency Revolving Fund (EERF) for sustainable funding mechanism of energy efficiency projects in country.

Initiatives under this Project

New technologies of super-efficient ceiling fans, tri-generation technologies & smart grid-applications will be financed for proof testing. Energy efficiency programmes like street lighting, domestic lighting, five-star rated ceiling fans and agricultural pumps will be undertaken. EESL also has partnered with UN Environment’s District Energy in Cities Initiative, which has already identified $600 million of projects across five cities in India.

Significance

The project is considered as significant step considering India’s efforts towards low emission-economy and focusing on energy efficiency programmes. It will also create awareness in citizens, especially among youth, to encourage energy efficiency measures like use of electric vehicles, energy efficient building codes etc. It will also facilitate sustainable growth by addressing climate change issues, boosting economy and generating greater employment in country.

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

GEF is a financial mechanism that provides grants to developing countries for projects that benefit global environment and promote sustainable livelihoods in local communities. It addresses six designated focal areas: biodiversity, climate change, international waters, ozone depletion, land degradation and Persistent Organic Pollutants.

It was established on the eve of 1992 Rio Earth Summit to help tackle our planet’s most pressing environmental problems. It unites 183 countries in partnership with international institutions, civil society organizations (CSOs), and private sector to address global environmental issues

India has been a leading developing country participant in the GEF since its inception in 1991 and has played a major role in shaping GEF. India is both donor and recipient of GEF.

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Union Government inks Global Environment Facility Grant Agreement with World Bank

The Union Government has inked US $24.64 million Grant Agreement from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) of the World Bank for Ecosystem Service Improvement Project.

The Project will be entirely financed by the World Bank out of its GEF Trust Fund. The project’s duration is of five years.

Ecosystem Service Improvement Project

The project will be implemented by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) in Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh through Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education (ICFRE) under the National Green India Mission (GIM).

 The objective of the Project is to strengthen the institutional capacity of the Community Organisations and Departments of Forestry to enhance forest ecosystem services and improve the livelihoods of forest dependent communities in Central Indian Highlands.

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

GEF is a multilateral financial mechanism that provides grants to developing countries for projects that benefit the global environment and promote sustainable livelihoods in local communities. Projects under it address six designated focal areas: biodiversity, international waters, climate change, ozone depletion, land degradation and Persistent Organic Pollutants. It was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit.

National Mission for Green India (GIM)

GIM is one of the eight key Missions outlined under National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). It aims at protecting, enhancing and restoring India’s decreasing forest cover and responding to climate change by a combination of mitigation and adaptation measures.

The mission acknowledges the influence forests on environmental amelioration through climate change mitigation, water security, food security, biodiversity conservation and livelihood security of forest-dependent communities. It hinges on decentralized participatory approach by involving grass root level communities and organizations in decision making, planning, implementation and monitoring.

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