Global Growth Current Affairs - 2019
Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link
The World Economic Situation and Prospects 2019 report make the following projections for India:
- India’s GDP growth is expected to accelerate to 7.6 per cent in 2019-20 from an estimated 7.4 per cent in the current fiscal ending March 2019 and growth rate may come down to 7.4 per cent a year later.
- India will march ahead as world’s fastest-growing large economy in 2019 as well as in 2020, much ahead of China.
- India’s growth is driven by robust private consumption, a more expansionary fiscal stance and benefits from previous reforms and robust and sustained recovery of private investment remain crucial for lifting the medium-term growth.
While the report suggests a growth rate of around 3 per cent in 2019 and 2020 amid signs that growth has peaked and cautions that a worrisome combination of development challenges could further undermine growth.
According to UN World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP), India’s economy is projected to grow 7.6% in fiscal year 2018-19, making it fastest growing economy in the world. GDP growth in India is expected 7.5 and 7.6% in fiscal years 2017-18 and 2018-19 respectively.
Key Highlights of report
World economy: It is projected to reach 3.2% both in 2018 and 2019, an upward revision by 0.2 and 0.1%, respectively. Global GDP is expected to expand, reflecting strong growth in developed countries and broadly favourable investment conditions. However rising trade tensions, heightened uncertainty over monetary policy, increasing debt levels and greater geopolitical tensions can potentially thwart growth progress.
World trade growth: It also has accelerated, reflecting widespread increase in global demand. Many commodity-exporting countries will also benefit from the higher level of energy and metal prices. The modest rise in global commodity prices will exert some upward pressure on inflation in many countries. But the inflationary pressures remain contained across most developed and developing regions.
India: GDP growth is expected 7.5 and 7.6% in fiscal years 2017-18 and 2018-19 respectively. This is a substantial recovery from 6.7% growth India registered in fiscal year 2017. Growth in India is gaining momentum, underpinned by robust private consumption, slightly more supportive fiscal stance and benefits from past reforms. Though capital spending in India has shown signs of revival, more widespread and sustained recovery in private investment remains crucial challenge in India.
China: It is projected to gradually moderate from 6.9% in 2017 to 6.5% in 2018 and 6.3% in 2019. Its growth is expected to remain solid, supported by robust consumer spending and supportive fiscal policies followed by ongoing structural reforms.
South Asia: GDP growth in region is expected to strengthen to 6.6% in 2018 and 6.8% in 2019, following an expansion of 6% in 2017. It remains favourable, amid robust domestic demand, strong infrastructure investment and moderately accommodative monetary policies. Moreover, regional inflation is anticipated to remain stable and at relatively low levels.
UN World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP)
The report is joint product of UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN/DESA), UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and five United Nations regional commissions.