Global Hunger Index Current Affairs - 2019
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The 2018 global hunger index is prepared by Welthungerhilfe together with Concern Worldwide. The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) has stepped aside from its involvement in the report.
Calculation of the Index:
- The Index ranks countries on a 100-point scale, with 0 being the best score (no hunger) and 100 being the worst.
- Values from 0 to 9.9 reflects low hunger, values from 10.0 to 19.9 reflects moderate hunger, values from 20.0 to 34.9 reflects serious hunger, values from 35.0 to 49.9 reflects alarming hunger, and values of 50.0 or more reflects extremely alarming hunger levels.
- The index is based on the following four parameters
- The proportion of the undernourished as a percentage of the population
- The proportion of children under the age of five suffering from wasting;
- The proportion of children under the age of five suffering from stunting;
- The mortality rate of children under the age of five.
Findings of the 2018 report
India has been ranked at the 103rd position among 119 countries. India is among the 45 countries that have “serious levels o f hunger.
- India is ranked below many neighbouring countries, including China (25th spot), Nepal (72), Myanmar (68), Sri Lanka (67) and Bangladesh (86). GHI scores for South Asia and Africa south of the Sahara reflect serious levels of hunger.
- The world has made gradual, long-term progress in reducing overall hunger, but this progress has been “uneven”. Areas of severe hunger and undernutrition stubbornly persist reflecting human misery for millions.
- Around 124 million people suffer acute hunger in the world which is a striking increase from 80 million two years ago.
- The reality of hunger and undernutrition continues to have a massive impact on the next generation.
About 151 million children are stunted and 51 million children are wasted across the globe.
India ranked 100th position among 119 countries on Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2017 report released by Washington-based International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). This year slipped by three positions as compared to 97th rank in 2016 GHI.
Global Hunger Index (GHI)
GHI is multidimensional measure that describes state of hunger situation on regional, national and global level. It is published annually by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) since 2006. It ranks countries on a 0 to 100-point scale calculated by taking into account four indicator parameters. Zero means best score (no hunger) and 100 is worst.
The four parameters are (i) Undernourished population (1/3rd weight), (ii) Child wasting (1/6th weight), (iii) Child stunting (1/6th weight) and (iii) Infant mortality rate (1/3rd weight). In this case stunting means deficiency in height in relation to age, reflects chronic undernutrition and wasting means low weight in relation to a child’s height, reflects acute undernutrition.
2017 GHI Highlights
India Related Facts: In 2017 GHI, India scored 31.4 and was placed in high end of “serious” category. India low ranking also influences South Asia’s regional score as three quarters of South Asia’s population reside in India.
India’s neighbours ranking are Nepal (72), Myanmar (77), Bangladesh (88), Sri Lanka (84) and China (29)—except Pakistan (106) and Afghanistan (107). Even North Korea (93) and Iraq (78) fared better in hunger parameters and GHI rankings,
More than 20% of Indian children under the age of five have lower weight in relation to their height and about 33% are too short in relation to their age. Despite India being world’s second largest food producer it has second highest under-nourished population in the world.
Africa hasworst score: The Central African Republic (CAR) has the highest GHI score and has been categorised as “extremely alarming”. It is followed by Chad, Sierra Leone, Madagascar and Zambia.