Global Terrorism Current Affairs - 2020
On October 27, 2019, USA president Donald Trump announced that the Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi died in a raid conducted by US special forces in north western Syria. According to the announcement, Baghdadi killed himself by detonating a suicide vest. He died running into a dead-end tunnel. He ignited the vest killing himself and his three children. His body was mutilated by the blasts.
The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria also known as Daesh gained global prominence in 2014 when it drove Iraqi government forces out of the key cities in Iraq. The group was designated terrorist organization by the United Nations as well as by many other individual countries. It was widely known for its beheadings and other type of executions of soldiers, civilians and destruction of cultural heritage sites. It was also committed to ethnic cleansing on an unprecedented scale in Northern Iraq.
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Baghdadi headed Islamic State between 2013 and 2019. He was an Iraqi born militant who was designated Global terrorist by United States. In 2011, a reward was 10 million USD was announced for information about his whereabouts and it was increased to 27 million USD in 2017. He was born in a tribal group known as Al-Bu-Badri tribe.
Tags: Counter-Terrorism • Global Terrorism • Heritage Sites • Syria and Iraq • Syrian conflict
To deal with the rising problem of Terrorism, United Nation chief along with 39 organizational entities, Interpol and World custom organization signed a framework to deal with terrorism and promote peace and sustainable growth. The agreement is non-binding in nature. The UN Global counter terrorism coordination compact is also termed as Global compact. The Global compact coordination committee will be chaired by Under-Secretary-General for counter terrorism. And the first meeting took place on 6th December 2018 in New York. United Nations office of counter terrorism will serve as Secretariat of Global Compact.
What is the need of the Framework?
The Global terrorism index released by Institute for Economic and Peace showed that there is a decrease in deaths due to terrorism, but the impacts of terrorism are still spreading all over the world. United Nation is actively working to bring peace and cooperation among member states. To combat counter terrorism UN created UN counter-terrorism implementation task force in 2005. The task force consists of 38 international entities. The goal of Counter terrorism Implementation task force was to organize working groups and the project related to counter terrorism. Finally, on 23rd February 2018, a new agreement was signed to create more integrated working approach between the agencies and coordinate them for counter terrorism and prevention of violent extremism.
UN Global counter terrorism coordination compact replaced counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force
Objectives of the agreement
- To bring the UN agencies together to combat terrorism with common approach and find the ways to improve the strategies to support member states.
- To protect the people from violent extremist groups and hate speeches.
- To adopt the strategies that do not compromise the international human rights standards and rule of law.
- To monitor use of technology which is the main source of reaching people globally and manipulate them.
- To devise the policies that will protect communities and their religious belief.
Despite the previous approaches and initiatives by UN there is still some loopholes in the strategies. There is still threat of terrorism persist. Many countries are high on risk. By these new framework, UN is now taking a step ahead to remove terrorism from the roots.