global terrorist Current Affairs - 2019

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China Blocks Listing of Azar Masood as Global Terrorist

China has again blocked the bid to designate Pakistan-based terror group Jaish-e-Mohammed Chief Azhar Masood as a global terrorist in the United Nations Security Council 1267 list.

The proposal was moved by France the UK and the US on February 27, on the backdrop of Pulwama Terror Attack. Just before the deadline for filing of the objections was about to end, China which is the permanent member of the United Nations Permanent Council filed the objection.

Implications of the listing by the 1267 Sanctions committee

The 1267 and Al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee was established under the  UNSC resolution 1267. The listing would have resulted in:

Assets freeze

The Asset Freeze mandates all states to freeze without delay the funds and other financial assets or economic resources of designated individuals and entities.

Travel ban

The travel ban implies preventing the entry of designated individuals into or transit by all states through their territories.

Arms embargo

Arms embargo requires all states to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale and transfer from their territories or by their nationals outside their territories, or using their flag vessels or aircraft, of arms and related material of all types, spare parts, and technical advice, assistance, or training related to military activities, to designated individuals and entities.

The mandatory restrictions would have severely impacted and curtailed the activities of the Azhar Masood who is the head of the banned outfit JeM and would have forced Pakistan to act against him. Reports also note that China is aiming to maintain the status quo and truce with the JeM by blocking the list in an attempt to secure the China Pakistan Economic Corridor.

Month: Categories: InternationalUPSC

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UNSC condemns Pulwama Terror Attack

The United Nations Security Council has strongly condemned the “heinous and cowardly” Pulwama suicide terror attack in which 40 CRPF personnel were killed. The highlights of the joint statement issued by the UNSC are:

  • The joint statement noted that terrorist organisation Jaish-e-Mohammed has claimed responsibility for the Pulawama Terror Attack.
  • The members of UNSC expressed their deepest sympathy and condolences to the families of the victims, as well as to the Indian people and the government of India, and wished a speedy and full recovery to those who were injured.
  • The members of the Security Council reaffirmed that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security.
  • The members of the Security Council underlined the need to hold perpetrators, organizers, financiers and sponsors of these reprehensible acts of terrorism accountable and bring them to justice.
  • The joint statement reiterated that  “any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable, regardless of their motivation, wherever, whenever and by whomsoever committed”.
  • UNSC has urged all states to combat by all means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and other obligations under international law, including international human rights law, international refugee law and international humanitarian law, threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts.

Does China’s stand signal a shift?

The statement issued by the Chinese Foreign ministry after the Pulwama terror attack did not mention JeM, Pakistan or even Kashmir. Also, China is singlehandedly blocked the listing of JeM chief Masood Azhar as a “global terrorist” at the UN Security Council Resolution 1267 sanctions committee for the last 10 years at Pakistan’s behest.

Therefore China’s agreement to mention JeM is seen by a section as a signal of changing stance of China. But these arguments are countered by highlighting JeM is a UN-proscribed terrorist group since 2002 and China has not yet yielded on Azhar’s listing. Hence there is no change in China’s stand.

Month: Categories: InternationalUPSC

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