Global Tiger Forum Current Affairs - 2019

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Stock Taking Conference on Tiger Conservation

The third Stock Taking Conference on Tiger Conservation is being held at New Delhi. In the conference, wide-ranging discussions shall be held on the status of the Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP) by all tiger range countries besides deliberations on combating wildlife trafficking.

This conference is organised by the Global Tiger Forum which is an implementing arm of the Global Tiger Initiative Council (GTIC), in collaboration with the National Tiger Conservation Authority (Government of India), WWF, Wildlife Conservation Trust (WCT) and Wildlife Trust of India (WTI).

Global Tiger Recovery Program

The Global Tiger Recovery Program seeks to empower Tiger Range Countries (TRCs) to address the entire spectrum of threats, domestic as well as those that are transboundary in nature, and work toward increased financial sustainability through the integration of conservation objectives into development.

To address the crisis haunting the Tiger Survival especially the Asian biodiversity crisis, the TRCs, international organizations, and civil society have come together on a collaborative platform within the framework of the Global Tiger Initiative (GTI) at St. Petersburg, Russia.

Through the GTI, a GTRP has been developed with the shared goal of doubling the number of wild tigers globally by 2022 for:

  • To effectively manage, preserve, protect, and enhance tiger habitats.
  • To eradicate poaching, smuggling, and illegal trade of tigers, their parts, and derivatives.
  • To cooperate in transboundary landscape management and in combating illegal trade.
  • To engage with indigenous and local communities.
  • To increase the effectiveness of tiger and habitat management.
  • Restore tigers to their former range.

This is the second stock-taking conference to be held in India. India will also hold a meeting with its neighbouring tiger range countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan & Nepal to discuss a sub-continent level tiger estimation report as a follow-up of deliberations held earlier on the sidelines of the conference.

Month: Categories: EnvironmentUPSC

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Global Tiger population increased for the first time in 100 years by 22%: WWF & GTF

According to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the Global Tiger Forum (GTF), the global tiger population has increased by 22 per cent after a century of constant decline.

The number of wild tigers across the globe has gone up globally by 22 per cent to 3,890, from the 2010 estimate of 3,200. The data was based on national estimates of countries reported by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN).

Tiger population in different countries:

  • India (2226), Russia (433), Indonesia (371), Malaysia (250), Nepal (198), Thailand (189), Bangladesh (106) and Bhutan (103).
  • Besides, tiger population is also found in countries like China, Myanmar and Laos PDR.

Comment

  • The increase in the population can be attributed to multiple factors including increase in tiger populations in India, Russia, Nepal and Bhutan, improved surveys and enhanced protection and conservation efforts.
  • Further, the collective support of government of different countries, local communities and law enforcement agencies to WWF in its goal of zero tolerance for tiger poaching across Asia also has led to increase in tiger population.

Month: Categories: Environment

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