good governance Current Affairs - 2020

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Facts Box: “Three Capital Bill” of Andhra Pradesh

The Andhra Pradesh Government has passed the “Andhra Pradesh Decentralisation and Equal Development of All Regions Bill”, 2020. The bill paves way for three capitals of the state.

Highlights

The three capitals are Amaravati-legislative capital, Vishakhapatnam-the executive capital and Kurnool-judicial capital. The three-capital system is being adopted by the government of Andhra Pradesh in order to ensure equal development throughout the state. This also aids in decentralization of government. The above cities were selected as capitals for their strategic location to aid decentralization.

Committees

The cities were recommended by the committees namely B N Sri Krishna Committee, G N Rao Committee and K Sivaramakrishnan Committee.

Indian States

There are other states in India with two capitals as well. It includes Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. The capitals of Maharashtra are Mumbai and Nagpur. The state holds winter session of the state in Nagpur. Similarly, the capitals of Himachal Pradesh are Shimla and Dharamshala (Winter). The capital of Jammu and Kashmir were Srinagar and Jammu (winter).

Other Countries

The other countries that have multiple capitals include Sri Lanka and Malaysia. In Sri Lanka, Jayawardenepura Kotte is the seat of national legislature and is the official capital and Colombo is the seat of judicial bodies and national executives.

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NIC organizes Tech Conclave in New Delhi on “Technologies for NextGen Governance”

The National Informatics Centre (NIC) is to hold a 2-day technology Conclave in New Delhi. The event is to be conducted between January 21, 2020 and January 22, 2020. The Conclave is to be inaugurated by Union Minister Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad.

Highlights

The Technology Conclave will discuss application of Information and Communication Technology. The conclave is to be held under the theme

Theme: Technologies for NextGen Governance

The Conclave will predominantly contribute towards building efficient Government officers in the country. It will also help delivering high-quality services that primarily focus in citizens. The Conclave will focus on hyperscale, cyber security, design thinking and architecture.

NIC plays a major role in adopting new technologies within the administration of government. Recently, NIC launched a Centre for Block Chain Technology in Bengaluru.

India’s E-Governance

Recently India has been adopting electronic governance. With subsidy transfer to census 2021, GoI has been adopting technologies for the governance to reach citizens at a faster rate. Some of the highly successful e-governance initiatives include

  • National Land Record Modernization Programme-It aimed at Computerization of land records
  • Bhoomi Project-It is online delivery of land records
  • National E-governance plan has been formulated to improve delivery of government services to citizens.
  • E-Office was launched to increase usage of work flow.

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