Government policy Current Affairs

Union Government to adopt three-pronged approach to spur internal trade

The Union Government may soon consider adopting a three-pronged approach to revitalise domestic retail and wholesale trade.

The three-pronged approach includes (i) Establishing a regulatory body for national internal trade (retail and wholesale) (ii) Comprehensive domestic trade policy and (ii) Board for Internal Trade.

Need for new approach

  • Domestic trade mainly comprises non-corporate small businesses providing employment to an estimated 460 million people.
  • Currently, there is no single regulatory body or Ministry for such six crore small businesses in the country that have collective annual turnover of around Rs. 30 lakh crore.
  • The current approach policy regime and the environment is considered only conducive for foreign retail giants and their Indian partners or counterparts


  • The proposed three-pronged policy approach will address need of these small businesses with an aim to generate employment, improve financial inclusion of small traders.
  • It will also ensure ease of doing business by eliminating multiplicity of approvals, improve competiveness of economy and boost overall demand to boost growth.
  • Besides, the new strategy will also help to link Central Government’s flagship initiatives such as Digital India, Skill India and Make In India with these small businesses.


Union Government unveils Defence Procurement Procedure 2016

The Union Government has unveiled Defence Procurement Procedure 2016 (DPP 2016).

It was unveiled by Union Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar on the sidelines of the Defexpo-2016 held in Goa.

The DPP 2016 will replace the Defence Procurement Procedure 2013 (DPP 2013) and shall come into force on 1 April 2016.

Highlights of DPP 2016

  • Aim: To ensure timely procurement of defence (military) equipment, systems, and platforms required by the armed forces through optimum utilization of allocated budgetary resources.
  • Scope: It will cover all capital acquisitions undertaken by the Union Ministry of Defence, Defence Services and Indian Coast Guard (ICG) both from indigenous sources and import.
  • Capital Acquisitions Schemes: They are broadly classified into 3 categories viz.
  • Buy scheme: Outright purchase of equipment and procurements under this scheme are further categorized as Buy (Indian- IDDM), Buy (Indian), and Buy (Global).
  • IDDM stands for Indigenously Designed Developed and Manufactured.
  • Buy and Make scheme: The procurements are categorized as Buy and Make and Buy and Make (Indian).
  • Make category Scheme: It seeks developing long-term indigenous defence capabilities and procurements.
  • It empowers Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) to take a fast-track route in order to acquire weapons, which were limited to the armed forces till now.
  • Procurement of defence equipment: Arranged in decreasing order of priority are categorized as (i) Buy (India-IDDM). (ii) Buy (Indian). (iii) Buy and Make (Indian). (iv) Buy and Make. (v) Buy (Global).
  • Buy (India-IDDM) seeks to boost indigenous production and procurements under it should 40% sourced locally in terms of the content.
  • It will promote domestic manufacturing, including government funding R&D and recognition of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in technology development.


  • The DPP 2016 has been framed based on the recommendations of the Dhirendra Singh Committee that was appointed in May 2015 to review the DPP 2013.
  • The Committee was tasked to evolve a policy framework to facilitate Make in India in defence manufacturing in order align the policy evolved with DPP-2013.
  • It was also tasked to suggest requisite amendments in DPP-2013 in order to remove bottlenecks in the procurement process and also rationalize various aspects of defence procurement.