Government Schemes Current Affairs - 2020

Draft National Policy for Rare Diseases placed in website of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

On March 17, 2020, the draft National Policy for rare diseases has been shared in the website of ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The draft has been opened for comments from the states and Union territories and also from General public.

Also, the ministry has included one-time financial assistance of Rs 15 lakhs to families affected with rare diseases and living under Below Poverty line. This has been included from Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi

The above information was provided by Minister of HFW in Rajya Sabha

National Policy for Rare Diseases

The draft National Policy for rare diseases was published by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in January 2020. IT was prepared in 2017 and was recommended to a committee for review.

There is need for the policy as there are more than 450 rare diseases in India. Out of these diseases only 5% of them have therapies available.

The policy aims to start a registry of rare diseases. The registry is to be maintained by Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). The policy categorizes rare diseases under three categories namely one-time curative treatment, diseases requiring long-term treatments with high cost and diseases requiring long-term treatments with low cost.

Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi

The Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi also called National Illness Assistance Fund is a scheme completely sponsored by the central government. Under the scheme, financial assistance is provided to patients suffering from life threatening diseases as a one-time grant.

India to provide 107.01 million Nepali rupees for construction of schools in Nepal

On March 16, 2020, India signed Memorandum of Understanding with Nepal for construction of new schools in the country. Under the MoU, India is to provide 107.01 million Nepali rupees.

Highlights

India as an initial step of the agreement handed over a cheque of 8 lakh rupees (INR). The India-Nepal Development Partnership Programme is to construct the schools. The Kapilavastu District Coordination Committee will also help in the construction.

District Coordination Committee

The DCC is a district-level authority found in Nepal. The committee acts as a link between provincial assembly and rural municipalities. The committee members are elected by the district assembly for a term of five years. Every district committee has 9 members.

In India, the executives are the links. The Government schemes are implemented by the collector of the district.

India-Nepal

India and Nepal have century old relationship that connects them culturally, economically, socially and religiously. The India-Nepal relations began in 1950 with a Treaty of Friendship and peace signed between the countries.

Recent irritants between India and Nepal

Both Nepal and India claim a region called “Kalapani” as part of their country. In November 2019, India’s new political map including Kalapani created controversies. The Ministry of Home Affairs published the new map after dissolving special status of Kashmir and splitting Himalayan region into two union territories.

Kalapani

Kalapani is in the state of Uttarakhand. The state shares 80 km of porous border with Nepal.

Also, in 2015, Nepal accused India for imposing border blockade. This crippled the land locked nation as 90% of its imports and exports happened through India and its ports. This mainly includes Kolkata and Vishakhapatnam.