Government Schemes Current Affairs

Government launches Mission Indradhanush to immunise kids against 7 vaccine-preventable diseases

Government has launched Mission Indradhanush to immunise kids against 7 vaccine-preventable diseases.

Mission Indradhanush depicts 7 colours of the rainbow which aims to cover all those children by 2020 who are either unvaccinated, or are partially vaccinated against 7 vaccine preventable diseases.

  • 7 preventable diseases: diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles and hepatitis B.

It was launched by Union Health Minister J P Nadda on the occasion of National Good Governance Day.

Key facts about Mission Indradhanush

  • It will be focused and systematic immunization drive  through a catch-up campaign mode aiming to cover all the children who have been left out or missed out for immunization.
  • Under this scheme government will conduct 4 special vaccination campaigns between January and June 2015 with intensive planning and monitoring .
  • These campaigns will be planned and implemented according to the learning’s of the successful implementation of the polio programme.
  • It will be implemented in 2 phases in 2015. First phase will cover 201 districts. While, second phase will cover 297 districts.
  • For the first phase government has identified 201. These are high-focus districts in the country which have nearly 50 per cent of all unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children. Under this mission, these districts will be targeted intensively in order to improve the routine immunization coverage.
  • Among the 201 districts, 82 districts are in four  BHIMARU states i.e Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh. In these 82 districts nearly 25 per cent children are  unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children.
  • WHO, UNICEF, Rotary International and others will be donor partners for Mission Indradhanush. While the mass media, interpersonal communication will play crucial role to monitor and evaluate the sturdy mechanisms for implementing this mission.

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Government’s DBTL becomes world’s largest direct benefit transfer scheme

Governments ambitious Direct Benefit Transfer on LPG (DBTL) has become the world’s largest direct benefit transfer scheme after 2.5 crore households received about 550 crore rupees since 15th November 2014.

It has surpassed number of beneficiaries in direct benefit transfer programmes in countries like China and Brazil.

Background

Earlier, government had launched DBTL scheme in 54 districts from 15th November 2014 and planning to launch it all over the country from 1st January 2015.

Key facts about Direct Benefit Transfer for LPG (DBTL) scheme

  • This scheme gives cash subsidy on cooking gas directly to consumers so that they can buy cooking gas at market price.
  • It aims to curb leakages, preventing black-marketing in cash subsidy on cooking gas.
  • As primary option, LPG consumers who join the DBTL scheme receive the LPG cash subsidy either by linking their Aadhaar number to the LPG and bank database.
  • In case of secondary option, consumers may get the subsidy directly into their accounts without linking it with Aadhaar.

Thus, DBTL scheme is will help government to save upto Rs 14,000 crores in subsidies.

 

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