Government Schemes Current Affairs - 2019
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The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved Pradhan Mantri Kisan Pension Yojana, a new Central Sector Scheme (CSS), to provide pension cover to farmers. This decision was taken at the first Cabinet meeting after formation of new Government (second term) of Modi Government.
Key Features of Scheme
- It is voluntary and contributory pension scheme for all Small and Marginal Farmers (SMF) across the country.
- Eligibility: Entry age of 18 to 40 years with provision of minimum fixed pension of Rs.3,000 on attaining the age of 60 years.
- Contribution: Beneficiary farmer of this scheme is required to contribute Rs 100 per month at median entry age of 29 years. Central Government will also contribute to Pension Fund an equal amount as contributed by eligible farmer.
- After subscriber’s death (while receiving pension), spouse of SMF beneficiary is entitled to receive 50% of pension received by beneficiary as family pension, provided he/she is not already an SMF beneficiary of this scheme. In case of death of subscriber happens during period of contribution, the spouse shall have the option of continuing scheme by paying regular contribution.
- Synergy between PM Kisan Scheme: Beneficiary farmers of this scheme can opt to allow his/her monthly contribution to be made from benefits drawn from Pradhan Mantri KisanSAmman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) Scheme directly. Alternatively, beneficiary farmer can pay his monthly contribution by registering through Common Service Centres (CSCs) under Union Ministry of Information and Technology (MeitY).
Tags: Central Sector Scheme • Common Service Centres • Government Schemes • MeitY • PM-KISAN • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Pension Yojana • Pradhan Mantri KisanSAmman Nidhi • Small and Marginal Farmers • Union Ministry of Information and Technology
Union Cabinet has approved new initiative (scheme) to control Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis to support the livestock rearing farmers and improve the health of animals.
Key Features of Scheme
- Objective: This initiative aims to fully control these diseases amongst livestock in the country in next five years and subsequently eradicate these diseases.
- Cabinet has cleared a total outlay of Rs. 13,343 crores for this scheme and entire cost will be now borne by Central Government.
- In case of FMD: It envisages vaccination coverage to 30 crore bovines (cows-bulls and buffaloes) and 20 crore sheep/goat and 1 crore pigs at six months’ interval along with primary vaccination in bovine calves.
- Brucellosis control programme: It will extend to cover 100% vaccination coverage of 3.6 crore female calves.
- Significance: It will benefit crores of livestock rearing farmers and improve health of animals.
Threat of FMD and Brucellosis
- These diseases are very common amongst the livestock – cow-bulls, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs etc. If cow/buffalo gets infected with FMD, it results in milk loss is upto 100% which could last for four to six months.
- In case of Brucellosis milk output reduces by 30%, during entire life cycle of animal. It also causes infertility amongst animals. It can also be transmitted to the farm workers and livestock owners. Both of these diseases have direct negative impact on trade of milk and other livestock products.