Government Schemes Current Affairs - 2019
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On 5th November 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi adopted Jayapur village in Varanasi under Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY). Varanasi is the Lok Sabha constituency of PM Narendra Modi.
About Jayapur village
It is located 32 km from Varanasi city centre in the Rohaniya assembly segment. The village has a population of 4000. Of them, 2700 are voters. The village is dominated by Bhumihars and Patels.
PM is scheduled to visit the village on 7th November 2014. This will be Narendra Modi’s first visit to his constituency after being sworn in as the prime minister.
The village was already adopted by the Rashtriya SwayamSevak Sangh (RSS) under its ideal village scheme in 2002. Sangh has formed three categories for villages and focused on planting trees, promoting animal husbandry.
About Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)
The Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana, is a program launched for the development of model villages.
Under the Yojana, Members of Parliament (MPs) will be responsible for developing the socio-economic and physical infrastructure of three villages each by 2019, and a total of eight villages each by 2024.
Key objectives of the Yojana include:
- The development of model villages, called Adarsh Grams, through the implementation of existing schemes, and certain new initiatives to be designed for the local context, which may vary from village to village.
- Creating models of local development which can be replicated in other villages.
Under this SAGY, the first Adarsh Gram must be developed by 2016, and two more by 2019.
From 2019 to 2024, five more Adarsh Grams must be developed by each MP, one each year. This implies that a total of 6,433 Adarsh Grams, of the 2,65,000 gram panchayats, will be created by 2024.
Government is set to launch a new programme, the Unnat Bharat Abhiyan to uplift rural India. This programme will be launched in collaboration with the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) and the National Institutes of Technology (NITs) across the country.
The main idea for launching the programme is to provide definitive research that can be aligned with national development.
Unnat Bharat Abhiyan is an initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development. It will be coordinated and steered by IIT Delhi.
Key Points about Unnat Bharat Abhiyan
- The programme, with the help of IITs, NITs and other leading technical institutions will prepare a roadmap for holistic rural development.
- It will involve engaging with communities around each institute and for their upliftment.
- Each IIT will identify 10 villages in its neighbourhood and work out technologies to solve the most pressing issues of the region.
- Different teams from these institutes will visit the villages, identify problems and then aim to find financially-viable schemes.
- Once the solution is identified then they will involve the industry in this to solve the problem.
- Along with the HRD ministry and the institutes, some other ministries such as rural development and NGOs working in villages are also likely to be involved in the programme.
- Some of the problems that the institutes will be looking at are, supply of potable water, sanitation, energy and low cost housing.