Government Schemes Current Affairs - 2020

“Nigah” Scheme to be launched by Himachal Pradesh Government

The Himachal Pradesh Government is to launch a new programme called “Nigah”. The programme aims at educating family members that are coming from other parts of the country.

Highlights

The Nigah Programme is to deploy ASHA, anganwadi and health workers to create awareness about maintaining social distancing during home quarantine. Under the programme the health workers will sensitize the members of the family that are arriving from other states.

Significance

The GoI had recently launched train and bus facilities for the migrants stranded in different states to reach their home town. Disinfectants were sprayed on them during their stay in quarantine camps. Also, strict social distancing was followed during their stay. However, they were not tested for COVID-19 infections.

Therefore, programme like Nigah will help to keep the family members of these migrated workers till they are tested for the infection. Also, these measures will help save the family members from possible infections.

ASHA

ASHA is Accredited Social Health Activist. ASHA workers are trained female community health activist. These women are selected from the community where they are to be employed. The ASHA scheme is presently implemented in 33 states except Goa, Puducherry and Chandigarh.

ASHA workers are deployed in both rural and urban areas. The ASHA worker should have at least completed Class X.

3 Schemes launched by Jharkhand to increase MNREGA working days

On May 5, 2020, the Jharkhand Government launched three schemes to increase working hours of MNREGA workers. The schemes will help generate more than 25 crore man days and help workers earn more wages.

The Schemes

The schemes were launched by the Jharkhand CM Hemant Soren. The schemes are as follows

  • Birsa Harit Gram Yojana
  • Nilamber-Pitamber Jal Samridhi Yojana
  • Veer Shahid Poto Ho Khel Vikas Yojana

The State Rural Development Department has set target of generating 25 crore man days with an allocated amount of Rs 20,000 crores. The completion of work period under the scheme is three years.

Birsa Harit Gram Yojana

Under the scheme, fruit bearing plantations are to be planted on either side of the roads. This will help the villagers earn an annual income of Rs 50,000 after three years. Meanwhile, during the plantation and growing phase, the MNREGA would support them.

Nilamber-Pitamber Jal Samridhi Yojana

The aim of the scheme is to increase ground water. It intends to create 5 lakh crore litres of ground water reserve. This will help in cultivation of waste lands.

Veer Shahid Poto Ho Khel Vikas Yojana

Under the scheme, playgorunds at panchayat levels are to be constructed to promote sports and reserve jobs under sports quota.

Why MNREGA?

With the migrants returning to their home, the population in the rural areas has exploded. And, so did unemployment among rural labourers. Of the overall migrated population, majority were from unorganized sector. Therefore, the GoI under its Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann yojana increased MNREGA wages from Rs 182 to Rs 202.

The state schemes, therefore, will help in rural development.