Government Schemes Current Affairs

Union Cabinet approves establishment of Atal Innovation Mission and SETU in NITI Aayog

The Union Cabinet as given its approval for establishment of Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) and Self Employment and Talent Utilisation (SETU) in NITI Aayog.

This move seeks to give substantial boost to the innovation ecosystem and to catalyse the entrepreneurial spirit in the country.

Key facts

  • AIM and AIM Directorate will be established that will help in implementation of mission activities in a focussed manner. Its headquarters will be in New Delhi.
  • Its headquarters will be in New Delhi. NITI Aayog will hire Mission Director and other appropriate manpower.
  • Mission High Level Committee (MHLC) will guide the Mission. It will take all decisions related to approval of requisite guidelines and implementation of various elements of AIM and SETU.

Background:

  • Union Finance Minister in his Budget Speech 2015-16 had announced the Government’s intention to establish the AIM and a mechanism to be known as SETU in NITI Aayog.
  • To follow up this announcement NITI Aayog had constituted an Expert Committee on Innovation and Entrepreneurship under the Chairmanship of Prof. Tarun Khanna.
  • The Committee had made wide ranging recommendations for the short-term, medium-term and long-term period in its report.
  • In its recommendations the Committee also had emphasized the need to establish clear systems to monitor implementation, execution, and impact.

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PM Narendra Modi launches National Rurban Mission in Chhattisgarh

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the National Rurban Mission (NRM) from Kurubhat in Rajnandgaon district of Chhattisgarh.

The mission also dubbed as Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban mission (SPMRM) aims to spur social, economic and infrastructure development in rural areas by developing a cluster of 300 Smart Villages over the next 3 years across the country.

Key features of National Rurban Mission(NRM)

  • NRM through development of rurban growth clusters aims at catalyzing overall regional growth for simultaneously benefiting the rural as well as urban areas of the country.
  • Twin objectives: (i) Strengthening of rural areas and de-burdening the urban areas. (ii) Balanced regional development and growth of the country by simultaneously benefiting the rural as well as urban areas of the country.
  • Envisages institutional arrangements both at the State and Centre in order to ensure smooth implementation of the Mission.
  • The State Governments would identify the clusters which have latent potential for growth in accordance with the Framework for Implementation prepared by the Union Ministry of Rural Development.
  • States government will prepare Integrated Cluster Action Plans for Rurban Clusters. It will be comprehensive plan documents detailing out the strategy for the cluster development.
  • The clusters will be geographically contiguous Gram Panchayats with different population and follow administrative convergence units of Gram Panchayats.
  • Population Constrains: Coastal and plain areas must have population of about 25000 to 50000. Hilly, desert or tribal areas must have 5000 to 15000.
  • There will be a separate approach for selection of clusters in Tribal and Non-Tribal Districts.
  • Fourteen components: Optimum level of development components include (a) Skill development training (b)Agro Processing/Agri Storage/ Services and Warehousing (c) Sanitation (d) Digital Literacy (e) Solid and liquid waste management (f) Provision of piped water supply (g) Village streets and drains (h) Street lights (i) Upgrading school/higher education facilities (j) fully equipped mobile health unit (k) Service Centres for electronic delivery of citizen centric services/e-gram connectivity (l) Public transport (m) Inter-village road connectivity (n) LPG gas connections.

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