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Macedonia renamed as the Republic of Northern Macedonia

The Parliament of Macedonia has passed the resolution to amend the constitution of the country to rename it as the Republic of Northern Macedonia. The opposition parties had boycotted the vote and the proposal narrowly got the two-thirds majority vote required for the constitutional amendment.

The renaming is in line with a landmark agreement with Greece to end a decades-long dispute.

Dispute between Macedonia and Greece

The use of the name “Macedonia” was disputed between the European countries of Greece and the Republic of Macedonia, formerly a state within Yugoslavia. After the declaration of independence of Macedonia from erstwhile Yugoslavia, the country named it as the Republic of Macedonia.

The dispute was mainly due to the ambiguity in nomenclature between the Republic of Macedonia, the adjacent Greek region of Macedonia and the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia. Greece opposed the use of the name “Macedonia” by the Republic of Macedonia without a geographical qualifier such as “Northern Macedonia.

Greece accused the Republic of Macedonia of appropriating symbols and figures that are historically considered part of Greek culture such as the Vergina Sun and Alexander the Great, and of promoting the irredentist concept of a United Macedonia, which involves territorial claims on Greece, Bulgaria, Albania and Serbia.

Due to the conflict over the name, Greece vetoed Macedonia’s attempt to join Nato in 2008 and even blocked its EU membership ambitions. The opposition of Greece was so fierce that the United Nations was forced to refer Macedonia as “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”.

Agreement with Greece

After a lot of negotiations, an agreement was reached between Greek prime minister Alexis Tsipras and his Macedonian counterpart Zoran Zaev. The agreement is famously referred to as the Prespa Agreement.

As per the agreement the Republic of Macedonia would be renamed as the Republic of North Macedonia. The language of the country would be referred to as Macedonian and its people known as Macedonians (citizens of the Republic of North Macedonia).

Month: Categories: International Current Affairs 2018

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Greece, Suriname, Cuba: President Ramnath Kovind to embark on three nation tour

President Ram Nath Kovind will embark on three nation official tour to Greece, Suriname and Cuba from 16 to 22 June 2018. Greece will be first leg of the visit followed by Suriname and Cuba. President will be accompanied by large delegation including Minister of State for Steel Vishnu Deo Sai.

Key Facts

Greece: President Kovind will meet Greek President Prokopis Pavlopoulos during his visit. He will also meet his Greek counterpart Alexis Tsipras and Leader of Opposition. He is scheduled to visit places of historical and archaeological importance and address the Indian diaspora. He will also visit Monument of Unknown Soldiers and lay wreath there.

Suriname: President Kovind will hold discussions with President Desire Delano Bouterse followed by official level talks. Besides, number of agreements and MoUs in the areas of health and medicine, elections, IT, Ayurveda are scheduled to be signed. India will offer Line of Credit (LoC) of $54.5 million to Suriname for solar related projects. Suriname is a founding member of the International Solar Alliance.

Cuba: President will hold wide range of discussions with Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel Bermudez. Besides, number of agreements and MoUs in areas of bio technology, research and education in homeopathic medicine, traditional system of medicine and medicinal plants will be signed between both countries during the visit.

Month: Categories: India Current Affairs 2018

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