Ground Water Current Affairs - 2020

National Aquifer Mapping Programme: Plans developed for 11.8 lakh sq km

On March 19, 2020, the Ministry Jal Shakti replied in Lok Sabha that out of 25 lakh square kilo metre of mappable area, plans for 11.8 lakh square km area have been developed.

Highlights

The Ministry also informed that the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) implementing the mapping programme has assessed 3,600 units out of 6,881 assessment units. Also, the CGWB has began to update the data collected about ground water levels through a website.

National Aquifer Mapping and Management Programme

Though water is a state subject, Centre has launched the programme to learn about the available ground water in the country. Also, the centre aims to learn about ground water availability in the country to initiate artificial recharge of under ground water.

The Mission is being implemented by the CGEB under Ministry of Jal Shakti

Central Ground Water Board

The CGEB was established in 1970. The main aim of the board is to provide scientific inputs in exploration, management, assessment, augmentation and regulation of ground water in the country.

It is a statutory body constituted under the Environment (Protection) act, 1986.

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WHO: Ground Water contaminated with Uranium in India above 30 micro-gram per litre

On March 16, 2020, the Minister of State for Jal Shakti Shri Rattan Lal Kataria announced in the parliament that ground water is contaminated with Uranium at 30 micro-grams per litre in the country.

Highlights

According to the ministry, the World Health Organization has quoted that the ground water in localized areas of certain states and union territories have been contaminated with Uranium. The prevalence of Uranium is above 30 micro-grams per litre.

The Organization also quoted that the states such as Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Odisha, Rajasthan, Punjab, Telangana, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Jammu Kashmir have occurrence of Uranium in ground water.

Permissible limits

The Bureau of Indian Standards has set the maximum permissible limit of Uranium in drinking water as 0.03 mg per litre.

Uranium ill effects

Intake of large amount of Uranium causes kidney problems.

Uranium in Environment

Uranium is rare. It is naturally spread in the Indian environment. It derives from soil, rocks and gets dissolved in water.

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