GSLV Mk III Current Affairs - 2020

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“Vyom Mitra”-ISRO’s half Humanoid-An experimental mission of Gaganyaan

ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) is to send a half-humanoid robot called the “Vyom Mitra” as an experimental mission to Gaganyaan. Vyom Mitra means a friend in Sky.

Highlights

ISRO introduced Vyom Mitra at the “Human Space Flight and Exploration-Present Challenges and Future Trends” seminar that was held in Bengaluru. The robot is to fly in two unmanned mission that are planned in December 2020 and in June 2021.

About Vyom Mitra

The robot can speak two languages namely Hindi and English. It can mimic human activities such as recognizing other humans and responding to their queries. The robot can handle switch panel operations. It is also capable of providing air pressure change warnings.

Gaganyaan mission

In order to make the first human space flight programme, Gaganyaan successful, ISRO has been taking several initiatives. The food for the astronauts is being developed by the Defence Food Research Laboratory. The astronauts to travel to space received their training in Russia.

Gaganyaan Mission was first recommended by ISRO’s Policy Planning Committee in 2004. In 2006, the preliminary studies under the name “Orbital Vehicle” began. In 2008, the design to carry two astronauts was finalized. In 2014, the testing of the launch vehicle GSLV-Mk III was successful. In 2018, the pad abort test was conducted and succeeded by ISRO scientists. In 2019, astronauts completed their training in Russia.

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ISRO to launch lunar mission ‘Chandrayaan-2’ in July 2019

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) announced that India’s second lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 is scheduled to be launched between July 9 and 16 2019. The Chandrayaan-2’s lander will touch down near Moon’s south pole on 6th September 2019.

About Chandrayan-2

  • It is India’s second lunar mission. It would be launched using India’s most powerful rocket GSLV MK-III from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Mission Objective: Its payloads will collect scientific information on lunar (moon) topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, lunar exosphere and signatures of hydroxyl and water-ice.
  • It has three modules (a detachable self-contained unit of a spacecraft) namely namely Orbiter, Lander named Vikram and Rover named Pragyan.
  • The Orbiter and Lander modules will be put together as an integrated module and accommodated inside GSLV MK-III a three stage launch vehicle equipped to lift heaviest satellites into orbit. The Rover is enclosed inside the Lander.
  • Once spacecraft is launched into earth bound orbit by GSLV MK-III, the integrated module will reach Moon orbit using Orbiter propulsion module.
  • Then, the Vikram Lander would separate from the Orbiter and will make soft landing at a predetermined site close to lunar South Pole.
  • The wheeled Pragyan Rover will roll out for carrying out scientific experiments on lunar surface.
  • Instruments are mounted on Lander and Orbiter for carrying out scientific experiments. The data collected by them would be relayed to earth.

Importance

  • Chandrayan-2 mission would land on southern pole of the moon, which is still unexplored by any of the countries. Therefore landing of spacecraft near lunar’s south pole would be historically significant as it would give ISRO opportunity to name that site on the moon.
  • All the three modules namely Orbiter, Lander (Vikram) & Rover (Pragyan) are developed by India.
  • Unlike Chandrayan-1 (India’s first lunar mission) launched using PSLV rocket and which involved only orbiting the moon, Chandryaan 2 would attempt a soft landing close to lunar south pole.

Other Indian Crucial Space Mission

  • Chandrayaan-1: It was India’s first lunar probe mission launched by ISRO in October 2008 and operated until August 2009.
  • Mangalyaan: Also known as The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) is a space probe orbiting Mars since September 24, 2014.
  • Chandrayaan-2: Is mission to land a rover on the moon, it was delayed by over a year.
  • Aditya-L1: Mission is to the study and observation of sun’s properties.
  • Gaganyaan: India’s manned space mission by 2022.

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