Guided Pinaka Current Affairs - 2019
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Improved Pinaka rockets, with a guidance system and an enhanced range were successfully test-fired for the second time from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur in Odisha.
The guided version dubbed as Pinaka mark-II, has been evolved version of Pinaka mark-I. Its first successful test flight was conducted from the same venue on January 12, 2017.
- The earlier Pinaka version was an unguided one, now it has been transformed into guided version with a navigation, guidance and control kit developed by the DRDO’s Research Centre, Imarat (RCI), Hyderabad.
- It was developed jointly by the Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE), Pune, RCI, and the Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL), Hyderabad.
- The conversion into improved guided Pinaka rockets has helped in enhancing the range and accuracy of Pinaka. The earlier range was 40 km, but now it is more than 70 km.
- The success of the guided Pinaka also has reinforced the technological strength of India in converting the unguided systems into weapons of high precision.
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test-fired the Pinaka Rocket converted to a Guided Pinaka from Launch Complex-III, ITR, Chandipur (Odisha).
The test-firing met all mission objectives. The flight-path Guided Pinaka was tracked and monitored by the radars, electro-optical and telemetry systems at Chandipur.
About Guided Pinaka
- Guided Pinaka is transformed version of the Pinaka Rocket Mark-II, which has evolved from Pinaka Mark-I. It has been jointly developed by ARDE Pune, DRDL Hyderabad and RCI Hyderabad.
- It is equipped with a navigation, guidance and control kit. This conversion considerably enhances the range and accuracy of Pinaka.
- Pinaka is an unguided rocket weapon area system (WAS) with a range of 40 km. It meant to neutralise large areas with rapid salvos.
- It can fire a salvo of 12 rockets in 44 seconds with 1.2 tonnes of high explosives. The battery of six launchers can neutralise at a time a target area of 3.9 sq km.
- It has capability to incorporate several types of warheads makes it deadly for the enemy as it can even destroy solid structures and bunkers.
- The quick reaction time and high rate of fire of the system gives an edge to the Army during a low amount conflict situation. It already has been inducted into Indian Army.