Gujarat [GPSC] Current Affairs - 2020

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Gujarat to be first big state to use EVMs with VVPAT

Gujarat will become first big state to use Electronic Voting Machine (EVMs) equipped with Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) in coming Assembly elections to make election process more transparent.

It was announced by Election Commission of India. Gujarat will be second state after Goa to use VVPAT system for the Assembly elections in entire state.

The VVPATs will cover all 50,128 polling booths during 2017 Gujarat Assembly elections. As many as 70,182 VVPAT machines will be used during election elections. Earlier, VVPATs were used on pilot basis in limited polling booths of state in 2012 elections.

Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT)

The VVPAT is a method that provides feedback to voters after they cast their votes in EVMs. It is independent verification printer machine attached to EVMs. It allows voters to verify if their vote has gone to the intended candidate. Thus, ensure free and fair elections.

In the VVPAT system, when voter presses button for candidate of his choice in EVM, a paper slip containing serial number, name of candidate and poll symbol will be printed for voter. The paper slip will be only visible to voter from glass case in VVPAT for seven seconds, after that slip will be cut and dropped into drop box in VVPAT machine. VVPAT machines can be accessed by polling officers only.

Purpose of VVPAT

VVPAT is intended as an independent verification system for EVM designed to (i) allow voters to verify that their votes are casted correctly, (ii) detect possible election fraud or malfunction and (iii) Provide a means to audit the stored electronic results.

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Kandla Port renamed as Deendayal Port

The Union Ministry of Shipping has renamed Kandla Port Trust as Deendayal Port Trust, by exercising powers conferred on it under Indian Ports Act, 1908.

The name was changed as part of yearlong centenary celebrations of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay, who had stood for uplift of poor and weaker sections of society.

Background

Earlier in 2017, Prime Minister Narendra Modi while laying foundation stone for Rs.933 crore projects at Kandla Port had suggested that it should be named after Pt. Deendayal Upadhyay, who stood for uplift of all sections of the society. Pt. Deendayal Upadhyay was an Indian politician and was one ofmost important leaders of Bharatiya Jana Sangh, the forerunner of present day Bharatiya Janata Party.

Kandla Port

Kandla Port is one of twelve major ports in country. It is situated on Gulf of Kutch in Gujarat. It is the largest port of India in terms of volume of cargo handled (around 100 million tons freight). It was constructed in 1950s as main seaport to serve in western India, alternative to Karachi port which came under Pakistan’s control after partition. In March 2016, Kandla Port had created history by becoming first Major Port in the country to cross 100 million tons freight handling capacity.

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