Gujarat [GPSC] Current Affairs - 2020
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has announced to celebrate September 2019 as a month of nutrition. The announcement was made in his latest Mann Ki Baat programe in which he laid emphasis on creating awareness to fight malnutrition among children, particularly girl child.
The month of September will be celebrated as ‘Poshan Abhiyaan’ across India.
Due to lack of awareness, both poor and affluent families are affected by malnutrition, therefore, PM urged countrymen to get connected with and get information about this initiative, add some new features to ‘Poshan Abhiyaan’ by contributing to it.
In 2018, Gujarat Government launched a pilot project called Poshan Abhiyan which is a statewide mission to eradicate malnutrition among children.
Chief Minister of Gujarat Vijay Rupani had also launched PURNA project or Prevention of under Nutrition and Reduction of Nutritional Anaemia among Adolescent Girls, to eliminate malnutrition among girls in age group of 14 to 18 years.
State Government had allocated Rs.270 crore for this pilot project. Now, the awareness campaign during September will further boost Poshan Abhiyan in state.
Tags: Gujarat [GPSC] • Malnutrition • Mann Ki Baat programe • Month of Nutrition • Poshan Abhiyan
Gujarat topped in 2017-18 in the Composite Water Management Index (CWMI 2.0) report released by NITI Aayog. CWMI 2.0 ranked 25 States and 2 UTs for the reference year 2017-18 as against base year 2016-17. On an average, 80% of states assessed on CWMI 2.0 over e last three years have improved their water management scores, with average improvement of +5.2 points.
About Composite Water Management Index (CWMI)
It was launched by NITI Aayog in 2018 as an important tool to assess and improve the performance of States/ UTs in efficient management of water resources. It seeks to instill sense of cooperative and competitive federalism among the states. It is first ever attempt at of creating pan-India set of metrics that measured different dimensions of water management and use across the lifecycle of water.
It ranks states/UTs based on water data collection exercise conducted by NITI Aayog in partnership with Union Ministry of Jal Shakti, Union Ministry of Rural Development and all States/UTs.
Ranking of states/UTs is based on key 9 themes which are further subdivided into 28 indicators. The nine themes are-
(i) Source augmentation and restoration of waterbodies (weightage:5%)
(ii) Groudwater augmentation (15%)
(iii) Major and medium irragation-supply side management (15%)
(iv) Watershed development-Supply side management (10%)
(v) Participatory Irrigation practices- Demand Side Management (10%).
(vi) Sustaiable on-farm water use practices- Demand side management (10%).
(vii) Rural drinking water (10%).
(viii) Urban water supply and sanitation (10%) and Policy and Goverance (15%).
CWMI 2.0 Rankings
Gujarat was ranked first in the reference year (2017-18), followed by Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
In North Eastern and Himalayan States: Himachal Pradesh was adjudged number 1 in 2017-18 followed by Uttarakhand, Tripura and Assam.
Union Territories: They have for first time submitted their data. Puducherry was declared as the top ranker.
Incremental change in index (over 2016-17 level): Haryana holds number one position in general States and Uttarakhand ranks at first position amongst North Eastern and Himalayan States.
Tags: Composite Water Management Index • CWMI 2.0 report • efficient management • Gujarat [GPSC] • Niti Aayog