Guru Granth Sahib Current Affairs - 2020

February 9: Ravidas Jayanti celebrated across India

The birth anniversary of the 14th century saint Ravidas was celebrated all over India on Febraury 9th. PM Modi and President Kovind and other leaders paid tribute to Guru Ravidas.

Highlights

The saint emphasized brotherhood and harmony to bring upon positive change in the society. His songs are included in Guru Granth Sahib.

About Ravidas

Ravidas was an Indian mystic poet. His teachings are highly popular in the states of Rajasthan, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. The poet was a social reformer. His teachings deal with Nirguna-Saguna theme.

Nirguna-Saguna

Nirguna is knowledge focused and Saguna is love-focused. These two were alternate ways of imagining god during the Bhakti Movement.

Bhakti Movement

Bhakti movement began to reform Hinduism. It swept over North and East India between 15th and 17th century. In South India it originated in 18th century. It acted as a catalyst for the formation of Sikhism. At the end of the movement, salvation that was available only to men was then available to everyone!

Guru Gobind Singh Birth anniversary Celebrated

On January 2, 2019, India celebrated the birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh. He is considered to be the 10th Guru of Sikhs. He was born on January 5, 1666.

Guru Gobind Singh

Guru Gobind Singh founded Sikh Warrior community called Khalsa in 1699. He introduced five Ks in Sikhism. It is called the “Panj Kakar”, They are uncut hair (Kesh), an iron bracelet (kara), a wooden comb (Kangha), 100% cotton undergarment (Kachera) and iron dagger (Kirpan).

In Sikhism, the holy text Dasam Granth is dedicated to Guru Gobind Singh. Guru Gobind Singh was the only son of the ninth Sikh Guru Bahadur. He was made the 10th Guru at the age of nine when his father was beheaded for not following Islam. His sons were killed by the Mughals.

Sikh gurus

Guru Nanak founded Sikhism in 1469 and was the first Sikh Guru. He was succeeded by nine gurus. Guru Gobind Singh was the last guru of Sikhism. In 1708, the guruship was passed on to the holy sikh scripture Guru Granth Shib. According to Sikh, the holy text is now the living Guru for the followers of Sikhism.