India ranked 155th out of 178 countries with an index score of 31.23 points, in its efforts to address environmental challenges, in the 2014 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) issued by Yale University. Regardless of an improvement in overall performance, India ranks behind China (118), Pakistan (148) and Nepal (139). Among the BRICS nations, South Africa was placed at 72nd position, followed by Russia (73), Brazil (77) and China (118).
About 2014 Environmental Performance Index (EPI)
- Prepared by America’s Yale and Columbia universities in collaboration with the World Economic Forum (WEF) as well as with support from the Samuel Family Foundation and the McCall MacBain Foundation.
- Released at the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos.
- Objectives that provide the overarching structure of the 2014 EPI: Environmental Health and Ecosystem Vitality.
- The 178 nations in the index represent 99% of the global population, 98% of the world’s total land area and 97% of the global GDP.
- Ranking based on High -priority environmental indicators: health impacts, air quality, water and sanitation, water resources, agriculture, forests, fisheries, bio-diversity and habitat, climate and energy.
- The overall list is topped by Switzerland followed by Luxembourg, Australia, Singapore and Czech Republic.
- The least five performers: Somalia, Mali, Haiti, Lesotho, Afghanistan – all are grappling with civil unrest, significant economic development pressures, and political turmoil.
The EPI ranks how well countries perform on high-priority environmental issues in two broad policy areas: Protection of human health from environmental harm and protection of ecosystems.