Haiti Current Affairs
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The International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and Its Abolition was observed across world every year on 23 August. The day designated by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to memorialize the transatlantic slave trade.
Observance of this day marks anniversary of 1791 insurrection of enslaved men and women in western part of island of Santo Domingo, which is now known as Haiti. These men and women torn from Africa and sold into slavery had revolted against the slave system. This Haitian Revolution had led to their freedom and independence in 1804. This Haitian Revolution had led to their freedom and independence in 1804. This uprising was turning point in human history.
International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition was proclaimed by UNESCO Executive Board by adopting resolution 29 C/40 by its General Conference at its 29th session. The Day was first celebrated in number of countries, particularly in Haiti on in 1998 and in Senegal in 1999.
India ranked 155th out of 178 countries with an index score of 31.23 points, in its efforts to address environmental challenges, in the 2014 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) issued by Yale University. Regardless of an improvement in overall performance, India ranks behind China (118), Pakistan (148) and Nepal (139). Among the BRICS nations, South Africa was placed at 72nd position, followed by Russia (73), Brazil (77) and China (118).
About 2014 Environmental Performance Index (EPI)
- Prepared by America’s Yale and Columbia universities in collaboration with the World Economic Forum (WEF) as well as with support from the Samuel Family Foundation and the McCall MacBain Foundation.
- Released at the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos.
- Objectives that provide the overarching structure of the 2014 EPI: Environmental Health and Ecosystem Vitality.
- The 178 nations in the index represent 99% of the global population, 98% of the world’s total land area and 97% of the global GDP.
- Ranking based on High -priority environmental indicators: health impacts, air quality, water and sanitation, water resources, agriculture, forests, fisheries, bio-diversity and habitat, climate and energy.
- The overall list is topped by Switzerland followed by Luxembourg, Australia, Singapore and Czech Republic.
- The least five performers: Somalia, Mali, Haiti, Lesotho, Afghanistan – all are grappling with civil unrest, significant economic development pressures, and political turmoil.
The EPI ranks how well countries perform on high-priority environmental issues in two broad policy areas: Protection of human health from environmental harm and protection of ecosystems.