Harsh Vardhan Current Affairs - 2020

India attends NAM Health Minister meet

On May 20, 2020, Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan attended Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) through video conference.

Highlights

The NAM summit was chaired by the Health Minister of Azerbaijan Ogtay Shiraliyev. India at the summit, highlighted its contribution such as medical supplies to over 123 countries. This includes 59 NAM countries as well.

The minister at the meet highlighted different health measures of India. He also stressed on the fact that India follows the policy of mass isolation, micro identification and quick treatment. India is now operating 10,000 COVID-19 dedicated hospitals.

NAM Summit

The Non-Aligned Movement is a major bloc after United Nations. In 1955, the principles of the movement was framed at the Bandung Conference. NAM was established in 1961. The initiative to begin NAM was led by the then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Yogoslav President Josip Broz Tito and Eqyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser.

There are around 120 member countries that are part of NAM. NAM focuses on struggle against colonialism, imperialism, neo-colonialism and racism.

Principles of NAM

The five main principles of NAM include mutual non-aggression, mutual respect for each other territories, equality and mutual benefit, mutual non-interference in domestic affairs and peaceful coexistence.

Background

The Non-Aligned Movement was started to thaw out Cold war. The cold war was the geopolitical tension between the US and Soviet Union.

Health Minister chairs the 12th Group of Minister meeting on COVID-19

On April 17, 2020, the Union Health Minister Shri Harsh Vardhan chaired the 12th Group of Minister meeting on COVID-19. The meeting was attended by External Affairs minister, home minister for state, shipping and chemical and fertilizer minister for state, member of NITI Aayog, etc.

Highlights

The Group of Ministers discussed actions taken so far to contain the spread of COVID-19. It was announced at the meeting that the death rate in the country due to COVID-19 is at 3% and the recovery rate is at 12%. The situation and recovery in India is better than most of the other countries. This is mainly due to successful implementation of the lock down.

The Health Minister also announced that the growth of the virus has been declined by 40%

Hotspots

The Group of Ministers meet announced that more than 170 districts have been put in red zone. Out of these 123 districts are with large outbreaks, 47 districts are under cluster transmissions. Around 207 districts have been placed in non-hotspot and 353 districts are placed under green zone.