Health Current Affairs - 2019

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UP launches Filaria Campaign

The Uttar Pradesh Government has launched a three-day campaign against Filaria as GoI has set a target of eradicating Filaria completely by 2021. The campaign began on November 25, 2019 and is to run till December 10, 2019.

Highlights

The campaign will cover 47 districts and will aim at eradicating Filaria from Uttar Pradesh. The campaigning team will reach every door and provide medicines. The medicines include one tablet of DEC and one tablet of Albendazole. All the age group from children to elderly are to be covered. The dosage of the medicines is fixed according to the age of the persons.

The campaign will also provide special emphasis on mosquito free environment.

India’s status

According to WHO, Filaria is the second-largest disease that makes people handicapped on a large scale. The organization says that around 65 million Indians are at the risk of the disease and 4.5 lakh are already suffering from Filaria.

In India, most of the Filarial outbreaks are found in eastern Maharashtra and Malabar coasts.

Filaria

Filaria is spread through Culex fatigans female mosquito. The disease is caused by the Filarioidea type roundworms.

Global alliance to eliminate Filariasis

In June 2018, India hosted the Global Alliance to eliminate Filariasis. The meeting was held in New Delhi. The organization aims at bringing together public and private organizations to fight against the disease. It also focuses on mobilization of political, technical and financial resources to eradicate the disease completely.

NSO Survey on Household Health Expenditure

The National Statistical Office on November 23, 2019 released its survey on Household Social Consumption related to health. The survey was conducted between July 2017 and June 2018. It was a part of the 75th round of National Sample Survey.

The main objective of the survey was to collect data on expenditure on medicines, expenditure in hospitalization, investigation, expenditure, maternity, childbirth, etc. The data for the survey was collected from 1.13,823 households

Findings of the survey

Around 14% of rural population and 19% of urban population had their health expenditure covered. Only 1% of urban population received health insurance from government health protection schemes.

The average medical expenditure that is being spent in rural India per hospitalization case is Rs 16,676 and in urban India is Rs 26,475. The survey says that about 90% of rural childbirths and 96% of urban child births were institutional.

In rural areas, around 97% of the children received vaccination. This includes all the 8 prescribed vaccinations. Among them, 59% of boys and 60% of girls were completely immunized.

Ayushman Bharat

GoI is currently working under the scheme under the objective “health for all”.  It is considered as one of the world’s largest health coverage scheme. Around 100 million poor vulnerable families are included under the scheme. They are listed under the scheme based on SECC 2011.