Health Sector Current Affairs - 2019

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October 20: World Osteoporosis Day

The World Osteoporosis Day is observed by the International Osteoporosis Foundation annually. The purpose is to create awareness for the prevention, treatment and diagnosis of osteoporosis. It was launched in 1996. Only in 1998 and 1999, the WHO acted as a co-sponsor of the campaign.

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass. It leads to enhanced bone fragility and increases the susceptibility of fractures for the person. In India, around 50 million are osteoporotic with bone mass less than 2.5. A person with osteoporosis is claimed to have bone mass between 1 and 2.5

Significance

In India, Osteoporosis is one of the major health problems. Around 230 million Indians are above the age of 50 years. Out of these 46 million women are with osteoporosis. In India, the problem is more common among women than men. This is mainly because of following reasons

  • Reduced intake of calcium during the development of bone mass
  • Lack of exercises
  • Improper exposure to sunlight

CCEA approves 75 new Government Medical Colleges by 2021-22

Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved establishment of 75 additional Government Medical Colleges by 2021-22. These colleges will be attached with existing district/referral hospitals under Phase-III of the ongoing Centrally Sponsored scheme. These wew medical colleges will be set up in under-served areas having no medical college with at least 200 bedded District Hospital. Moreover, preference will be given to aspirational districts and district hospital having 300 beds.

Benefits of establishment of new Medical Colleges

It will lead to increase in availability of qualified health professionals, improve tertiary care in public health sector by utilizing existing infrastructure of districts hospitals and promote affordable medical education in the country. It will lead to addition of at least 15,700 MBBS seats in the country.

Background

Government as part of ‘AyushmanBharat’ has announced two path breaking initiatives that address health holistically, impacting primary, secondary andtertiary care system as well as prevention and health promotion. Under scheme aimed at continuing  focus  on  creation   of  health care  infrastructure, Government  earlier had approved  establishment of  58  new Medical  Colleges attached with existing district/referral hospitals (under Phase-I) and 24 (under Phase-II).Of this, 39 medical colleges under first phase have already started functioning, while remaining 19 will be made functional by 2020-21. Under second phase of the scheme, 18 new medical colleges were approved.