Health Sector Current Affairs - 2019

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CCEA approves 75 new Government Medical Colleges by 2021-22

Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved establishment of 75 additional Government Medical Colleges by 2021-22. These colleges will be attached with existing district/referral hospitals under Phase-III of the ongoing Centrally Sponsored scheme. These wew medical colleges will be set up in under-served areas having no medical college with at least 200 bedded District Hospital. Moreover, preference will be given to aspirational districts and district hospital having 300 beds.

Benefits of establishment of new Medical Colleges

It will lead to increase in availability of qualified health professionals, improve tertiary care in public health sector by utilizing existing infrastructure of districts hospitals and promote affordable medical education in the country. It will lead to addition of at least 15,700 MBBS seats in the country.

Background

Government as part of ‘AyushmanBharat’ has announced two path breaking initiatives that address health holistically, impacting primary, secondary andtertiary care system as well as prevention and health promotion. Under scheme aimed at continuing  focus  on  creation   of  health care  infrastructure, Government  earlier had approved  establishment of  58  new Medical  Colleges attached with existing district/referral hospitals (under Phase-I) and 24 (under Phase-II).Of this, 39 medical colleges under first phase have already started functioning, while remaining 19 will be made functional by 2020-21. Under second phase of the scheme, 18 new medical colleges were approved.

India’s Current Maternal Mortality Ratio is 130: Key Facts

The registrar general of India has released new data showing significant decline in maternal mortality ratio of the country. The relevant facts and data are as follows:

Maternal Mortality and MMR

According to WHO, Maternal Mortality is death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes. Maternal Mortality Rate is death of such women per 100,000 live births. Maternal and child mortality and morbidity are taken as important health indicators because they reflect the state of female healthcare.

Global Maternal Mortality Rate

The global MMR for year 1990 was 385. In 2015, this number stood at 216, showing a drop of 44% in 25 years. Most of the global maternal deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa (66%), followed by South Asia (22%).

Maternal Mortality Rate in India and its states

In the 2011-13 period, India’s MMR was 167. As per the recently released data, the MMR during 2014-16 period stands at 130.

Among states, the three best and worst states and their respective MMR are shown below:

Significant decline (246 to 188) was seen in the so called Empowered Action Group (EAG) states and Assam. EAG states are are those states where economic and development indicators are a particular concern. Such states include Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.

Maternal Mortality Ratio is one of the important measures of the quality of safe deliveries and maternal care and India has lagged behind China, Maldives and Sri Lanka in its neighborhood.