Health Current Affairs - 2019
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In recently released 2015 Mother’s Index in the State of the World’s Mothers (SOWM) report titled The Urban Disadvantage, India was placed at 140th position out of 179 countries.
The report prepared by Save the Children and was launched by Union Minority Affairs Minister Najma Heptulla in New Delhi.
Key facts from the report
- Top 5 countries as per 2015 Mother’s Index: Norway (1st), Finland (2nd), Iceland (3rd), Denmark (4th) and Swedan (5th).
- Bottom 10 countries: Niger (175th), Mali (176th), Central African Republic (177th), Congo (178th) and Somalia (179th).
- The report has noted that the growing number of slums in the world is main cause for the urban rich-poor gap and reducing urban under-5 mortality.
- In the slums, high child death rates are rooted to conditions that are related to disadvantage, deprivation and discrimination.
With reference to India
- India is among the 10 countries in the world that have the greatest survival divide between wealthy and poor urban children.
- In case of India, the 29 per cent of the urban population living in slums. Children’s among this urban poor population is 3.2 times likely to die by the age of 5 compared to the urban rich population.
About Mother’s Index
The Mother’s Index scores countries on five parameters. They are maternal health, children’s well-being (measured as under-5 mortality rate), economic status, educational status and political status.
Rajasthan Government has inked a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with National Health Mission (NHM), UNICEF and Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) to tackle the severe problem malnourishment in the state.
This MoU will help to implement the state government programme which was announced during the state budget. In this budget the state government had announced that special attention will be given to the children falling out of medical reach in state.
This programme will be initially implemented in thirteen districts of state. In these districts more than 10, 000 children have been identified as malnourished. For this, a special management programme will be organised on the community basis so that malnourishment can be dealt.
Currently, Rajasthan has 40 malnourishment treatment centres, which are equipped with ten thousand beds. It is also facilitated with 107 centres with six beds each.
During the year 2014-15, around 9,891 were treated in these centres. With this kind of programme the state government has adopted the community-wise strategy to deal with the malnourishment menace.