Health Current Affairs - 2019
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Union Ministry Health and Family Welfare has soft-launched Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) segment of Integrated Health Information Platform (IHIP) in seven states. The first one-of-its-kind initiative lannched by the Central Government to monitor public health surveillance.
Integrated Health Information Platform (IHIP)
It is real time, village wise, case based electronic health information system with GIS tagging to provide prompt prevention and control of epidemic prone diseases. It uses the latest technologies and digital health initiatives. It will provide near-real-time data to policy makers for detecting outbreaks, reducing the morbidity and mortality and lessening disease burden in populations and better health systems. It will enable creation of interoperable health records which can be made available and accessible throughout the country. For effective implementation of the platform, 32,000 people at block level, 13,000 at district level and 900 at state level have been trained. The success of this platform will depend primarily on quality of data shared by the states. Adopting this platform will help states to strengthen early outbreak detection and informed public health response.
Tags: Health • Health informatics • Health Information Platform • Health Ministry • IHIP • Integrated disease surveillance program • Integrated Health Information Platform • Medical monitoring • Public Health • Public health surveillance
Scientists from Newcastle University, UK have created world’s first 3D printed human corneas (3D printed thin protective film over eye) that could solve problem of shortage of available eye donors and help millions of blind people gain sight again.
Cornea is outermost layer of the human eye. Its key function is to focus vision. It also barricades eyes against harmful dirt and bacteria. Damage to cornea from injury or infection can distort vision or even lead to blindness.
The 3D printed human corneas were produced using bio-ink solution consisting of healthy corneal stem mixed together with alginate and collagen. The combination of alginate (a gel derived from seaweed) and collagen helps to keep corneal stem cells alive and produces material of necessary dimensions which is stiff enough to hold its shape and soft enough to be squeezed out nozzle of 3D printer.